Taxon: Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn.

 
Genus: Fagopyrum
Family: Polygonaceae
  Subfamily: Polygonoideae
      Tribe: Fagopyreae
Nomen number: 16531
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 2:182. 1790
Name Verified on: 10-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jan-2017
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 77 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • duckwheat  (Source: F Pak) - English
  • green buckwheat  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • India buckwheat  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • India-wheat  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Tartary buckwheat  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • sarrasin de Tartarie  (Source: L Noms French ed6) - French
  • tatarischer Buchweizen  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • kaspat  (Source: Mansf Ency) - India (Hindi)
  • grano saraceno siberiano  (Source: pers. comm.) - Italian
  • alforfón de Tartaria  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • sibiriskt bovete  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ku chiao mai  (Source: CultTropS) - Transcribed Chinese
  • ku qiao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • grečicha tatarskaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • tatarka  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: pseudocereal (fide CultTropS)
  • Animal food: fodder (for poultry, cattle fide Food Feed Crops US)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of Tartary buckwheat (based on probable crossability between wild and cultivated Fagopyrum tataricum fide Genet res Crop Evol 47:437. 2000)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China - Gansu, - Guizhou, - Hebei, - Heilongjiang, - Hubei, - Hunan, - Jilin, - Liaoning, - Nei Monggol, - Qinghai, - Shaanxi, - Shanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang, - Xizang, - Yunnan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India; Nepal

  • Naturalized:

  • Asia-Temperate

    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation-Far East - Far East
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan
  • Europe

    • : Europe
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Quebec
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont, - West Virginia
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated:

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India - Sikkim
    • Indo-China: Myanmar
  • Europe

    • : Canada; Europe; United States
  • Northern America

    • : Canada; Europe; United States

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Chen, Q.-F. 1999. Hybridization between Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) species native to China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 131:177-185.
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. 1996 (L Noms French ed6)
  • Fesenko, I. N. 2005. Flower homostyly of Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn. is determined by minus-alleles of polymeric genes which related to the loci of heterostyly background in F. cymosum Meisn. (Fagopyrum) 22:7-12.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Galasso, G. 2011. Review of Polygonaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. 1993- (F Japan)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. 1972- (Atlas Eur)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kishima, Y. et al. 1995. Chloroplast DNA analysis in buckwheat species: phylogenetic relationships, origin of the reproductive systems and extended inverted repeats Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 108:173-179.
  • Kishima, Y. et al. 1995. Chloroplast DNA analysis in buckwheat species: phylogenetic relationships, origin of the reproductive systems and extended inverted repeats Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 108:173-179.
  • Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Ohnishi, O. 2000. Geographical distribution of allozyme in natural populations of wild Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum) 17:29-34.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  • Tsuji, K. & O. Ohnishi 2000. Origin of cultivated Tatary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.) revealed by RAPD analyses Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 47:431-438.
  • Tsuji, K. & O. Ohnishi 2000. Origin of cultivated Tatary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.) revealed by RAPD analyses Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 47:431-438.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Yen, Kun-Ying Illustrated Chinese materia medica: crude drugs. 1980 (Ill Chin Mat Med CrD)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image