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Taxon: Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn.

 
Genus: Fagopyrum
Family: Polygonaceae
Subfamily: Polygonoideae
Tribe: Fagopyreae
Nomen number: 16531
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 2:182. 1790
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 10-Mar-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Jan-2017
Species priority site is: Northeast Regional PI Station (NE9)
Accessions: 99 (77 active, 90 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • duckwheat  (Source: F Pak) - English
  • green buckwheat  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • India buckwheat  (Source: Mansf Ency) - English
  • India-wheat  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • Tartary buckwheat  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • sarrasin de Tartarie  (Source: L Noms French ed6) - French
  • tatarischer Buchweizen  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • kaspat  (Source: Mansf Ency) - India (Hindi)
  • grano saraceno siberiano  (Source: pers. comm.) - Italian
  • alforfón de Tartaria  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • sibiriskt bovete  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • ku chiao mai  (Source: CultTropS) - Transcribed Chinese
  • ku qiao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • grečicha tatarskaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • tatarka  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (for poultry, cattle)
  • Human food:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Hubei, Hunan, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal


    Cultivated

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India [Sikkim]
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States


    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation-Far East [Far East]

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Chen, Q.-F. 1999. Hybridization between Fagopyrum (Polygonaceae) species native to China Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 131:177-185.
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  4. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. (L Noms French ed6)
  5. Fesenko, I. N. 2005. Flower homostyly of Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn. is determined by minus-alleles of polymeric genes which related to the loci of heterostyly background in F. cymosum Meisn. (Fagopyrum) 22:7-12.
  6. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  8. Galasso, G. 2011. Review of Polygonaceae data for World Economic Plants, ed. 2 (pers. comm.)
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  10. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  11. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  12. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  13. Kishima, Y. et al. 1995. Chloroplast DNA analysis in buckwheat species: phylogenetic relationships, origin of the reproductive systems and extended inverted repeats Pl. Sci. (Elsevier) 108:173-179.
  14. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  15. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  17. Ohnishi, O. 2000. Geographical distribution of allozyme in natural populations of wild Tartary buckwheat (Fagopyrum) 17:29-34.
  18. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  20. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  21. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  22. Rehm, S. & G. Espig The cultivated plants of the tropics and subtropics. 1991 (CultTropS)
  23. Tsuji, K. & O. Ohnishi 2000. Origin of cultivated Tatary buckwheat (Fagopyrum tataricum Gaertn.) revealed by RAPD analyses Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 47:431-438.
  24. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16531. Accessed 20 November 2018.