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Taxon: Festuca pratensis Huds.

 
Genus: Festuca
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Loliinae
Nomen number: 16709
Place of publication: Fl. angl. 37. 1762
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 12-Feb-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 344 (307 active, 294 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • English-bluegrass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • meadow fescue  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • meadow fescue  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • fétuque des prés  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • fétuque des prés  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Wiesenschwingel  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • festuca pratense  (Source: Mult Glossary Crops) - Italian
  • festuca-dos-prados  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • cañuela de los prados  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • ängssvingel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • cao dian yang mao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • neoleungimuiteol  (Source: Kulturpflanze) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (as F. elatior)
  • Environmental:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (mentions under Festuca elatior)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Egypt, [Sinai] Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia (s.)] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Kalmykia, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Spain


    Naturalized (widely natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/cultural/Festuca_pratensis_K/ target='_blank'
  2. Aiken, S. G. et al. 1996-. Festuca of North America: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval.
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  4. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp. 1995. Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. CRC Press. Note: Revised version of AH 170
  5. Alexeev, E. 1979. Genus Festuca L. in Asia Media. Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 15:31.
  6. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  7. Cronquist, A. et al. 1972-. Intermountain flora.
  8. Darbyshire, S. J. 1993. Realignment of Festuca subgenus Schedonorus with the genus Lolium (Poaceae). Novon 3:242. Note: = Lolium pratense (Huds.) S. J. Darbyshire
  9. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 26.
  10. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Festuca+pratensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  13. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  15. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:100.
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  17. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  18. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Reveal, J. L. et al. 1991. (996) Proposal to reject Festuca elatior L. with comments on the typification of F. pratensis and F. arundinacea (Poaceae). Taxon 40:135-136.
  21. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  22. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:214.
  23. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  24. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Festuca pratensis Huds. :

Images:

  • Florets: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=16709. Accessed 16 October 2019.