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Taxon: Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr.

Genus: Flemingia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Phaseoleae
Subtribe: Cajaninae
Nomen number: 17130
Place of publication: Philipp. J. Sci., C 5:130. 1910 (Kuntze ex Prain, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 66:440. 1897, nom. inval.)
Link to protologue:
  • • valid publication of this name by Merrill verified from original literature
  • • Merrill published this as "(Willd.) O. Kuntze ex Prain", but Prain did not accept this name, mentioning it only in his discussion under F. congesta Roxb. Neither did Kuntze, as Merrill indicates that while Prain credited Kuntze with this combination, it was actually made by Kuntze in the genus Moghania
Name Verified on: 28-Oct-1988 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Aug-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • enoki-mame  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as forage
  • Environmental: shade/shelter; soil improver
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff (source of "warrus", a dye for silk)

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China (s.?)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan (n.), Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia

    Cultivated (also cult. in paleotropics)

    Naturalized (sometimes natzd. elsewhere in paleotropics)


  1. Aubréville, A. et al., eds. Flore du Cambodge du Laos et du Viet-Nam. (F CambLVN)
  2. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  3. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  4. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  5. Huang, S. F. & T. C. Huang Taxonomic treatment of the Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Taiwan. Taiwania 32:11-117. 1987 (Leg Taiwan)
  6. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  7. Maesen, L. J. G. van der et al. 1986. Occurrence of Cajaninae in the Indian subcontinent, Burma and Thailand J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 82:496.
  8. Matthew, K. M. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic. (F TamilC)
  9. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  10. Ploetz, R. C. 1998. Compendium of tropical fruit diseases (Diseas Comp) 52.
  11. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  12. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:131-133.
  13. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  14. Verdcourt, B. A manual of New Guinea legumes. (Leg New Guinea)

Check other web resources for Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17130. Accessed 20 April 2019.