Taxon: Gleditsia triacanthos L.

 
Genus: Gleditsia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Caesalpinioideae
Tribe: Caesalpinieae
Nomen number: 17641
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1056. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 28-Jun-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 23-Aug-1994
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 13 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Environmental: shade/shelter ()
  • Animal food: potential as fodder ()
  • Animal food: potential as fodder ()
  • Animal food: potential as forage ()
  • Animal food: potential as forage ()
  • Materials: wood ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (in Australia)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Ontario]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Indiana, Michigan (s.), Pennsylvania]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota (s.e.), Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma (http://www.biosurvey.ou.edu/shrub/gltr.htm), South Dakota (s.e.), Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida (http://www.plantatlas.usf.edu/main.asp?plantID=3555), Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland (w.), Mississippi, North Carolina (w.), South Carolina, Tennessee (http://tenn.bio.utk.edu/vascular/database/vascular-database.asp?CategoryID=Dicots&FamilyID=Fabaceae&GenusID=Gleditsia&SpeciesID=triacanthos), Virginia (s.w.)]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • United States (extreme e.)

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares. (F Iberica)
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  4. Csurhes, S. M. & D. Kriticos 1994. Gleditsia triacanthos L. (Caesalpiniaceae), another thorny, exotic fodder tree gone wild Pl. Protect. Quart. 9:101-105.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  10. Graham, E. H. Legumes for erosion control and wildlife. USDA Misc. Publ. 412. (Leg ErWild)
  11. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  13. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  14. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  15. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  16. Isely, D. 1975. Leguminosae of the United States: II. Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 25(2):159.
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. Little, E. L., Jr. Important forest trees of the United States. 1978 (AH 519)
  19. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  20. National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  21. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  22. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  23. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  25. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  26. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  28. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Gleditsia triacanthos L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17641. Accessed 20 April 2018.