Taxon: Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth

Genus: Gliricidia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
  Subfamily: Faboideae
      Tribe: Robinieae
Nomen number: 17647
Place of publication: W. G. Walpers, Repert. bot. syst. 1:679. 1842 (Steudel, Nomencl. bot. ed. 2, 1:688. 1840, pro syn.)
Comment: authorship verified from original literature, where Kunth is acknowledged (p. III) as "fautor" (W. Greuter, pers. comm. via e-mail to K. Gandhi on 19 Dec 2008)
Name Verified on: 28-Jun-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-May-2012
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Nicaraguan cocoashade  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • quick-stick  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • mãe-do-cacau  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • planta-mãe-do-cacau  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cacahuananche  (Source: Pap AU Wagen) - Spanish
  • madre de cacao  (Source: F Panama) - Spanish
  • madriado  (Source: Pap AU Wagen) - Spanish
  • madricacao  (Source: Pap AU Wagen) - Spanish
  • mata ratón  (Source: Trianea) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide Trop Leg)
  • Environmental: agroforestry (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:133-134. 1992)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:133-134. 1992)
  • Environmental: soil improver (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:133-134. 1992)
  • Animal food: potential as forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:133-134. 1992)
  • Fuels: charcoal (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:133-134. 1992)
  • Fuels: fuelwood (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:133-134. 1992)
  • Materials: wood (timber fide Syst Bot M 45:101. 1995)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • : Mexico
  • Southern America

    • Central America: Belize; Costa Rica; El Salvador; Guatemala; Honduras; Nicaragua

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere


    . also cult.


  • Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  • Barbosa, C. 1994. Contribución al conocimiento de las leguminosas colombianas. I. La tribu Galegeae (Brown) Torrey & Gray, 1838 sensu lato (Trianea) 5:47.
  • Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal 1992. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 1989-1998 (Esp Veg Prom) 8:326-336.
  • Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). (Trad Tree Init)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. 1974-1989 (F LAnt)
  • Lavin, M. & M. Sousa S. 1995. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of the tribe Robinieae (Leguminosae) Syst. Bot. Monogr. 45:93.
  • Lavin, M. et al. 2003. Phylogeny of robinioid legumes (Fabaceae) revisited: Coursetia and Gliricidia recircumscribed, and a biogeographical appraisal of the Caribbean endemics Syst. Bot. 28:400.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. 1983- (F NGalicia)
  • National Academy of Sciences Tropical legumes: resources for the future. 1979 (Trop Leg)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Nicolson, D. H. et al. Flora of Dominica, Part 2: Dicotyledonae. Smithsonian contributions to botany vol. 77. (F Dominica) 105.
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. Flora of Suriname. 1932- (F Suriname)
  • Spellman, D. L. et al. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83, 1975 & 1981 (L Belize)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:133-137.
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:136.
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. Flora of Panama. 1943-1980 (F Panama)


Check other web resources for Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image