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Taxon: Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth

Genus: Gliricidia
Family: Fabaceae (alt.Leguminosae)
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Robinieae
Nomen number: 17647
Place of publication: W. G. Walpers, Repert. bot. syst. 1:679. 1842 (Steudel, Nomencl. bot. ed. 2, 1:688. 1840, pro syn.)
Link to protologue:
Comment: authorship verified from original literature, where Kunth is acknowledged (p. III) as "fautor" (W. Greuter, pers. comm. via e-mail to K. Gandhi on 19 Dec 2008)
Name Verified on: 28-Jun-1989 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 8 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Nicaraguan cocoashade  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • quick-stick  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • mãe-do-cacau  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • planta-mãe-do-cacau  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • cacahuananche  (Source: Pap AU Wagen) - Spanish
  • madre de cacao  (Source: F Panama) - Spanish
  • madriado  (Source: Pap AU Wagen) - Spanish
  • madricacao  (Source: Pap AU Wagen) - Spanish
  • mata ratón  (Source: Trianea) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: potential as forage
  • Bee plants:
  • Environmental: shade/shelter; soil improver
  • Fuels: fuelwood
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:


    Northern America
    • Mexico (c. & s.)

    Southern America
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua

    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)


  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica Note: lists as Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex Griseb.
  2. Barbosa, C. 1994. Contribución al conocimiento de las leguminosas colombianas. I. La tribu Galegeae (Brown) Torrey & Gray, 1838 sensu lato. Trianea 5:47.
  3. Correa, J. E. & H. Y. Bernal. 1992. Especies vegetales promisorias de los paises del Convenio Andres Bello. 8:326-336.
  4. Elevitch, C. R., ed. The traditional tree initiative: species profiles for Pacific Island agroforestry (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroforestry.net/tti/Gliricidia-gliricidia.pdf target='_blank' Note: Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai'i\; http://www.traditionaltree.org/
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage Note: lists as Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud.
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Gliricidia+sepium&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  9. Lavin, M. & M. Sousa S. 1995. Phylogenetic systematics and biogeography of the tribe Robinieae (Leguminosae). Syst. Bot. Monogr. 45:93. Note: lists as Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud.
  10. Lavin, M. et al. 2003. Phylogeny of robinioid legumes (Fabaceae) revisited: Coursetia and Gliricidia recircumscribed, and a biogeographical appraisal of the Caribbean endemics. Syst. Bot. 28:400. URL: www.aspt.net/systematic-botany
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  14. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana. Note: lists as Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud.
  15. National Academy of Sciences. 1979. Tropical legumes: resources for the future
  16. National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production
  17. Nicolson, D. H. et al. 1991. Flora of Dominica, Part 2: Dicotyledonae. Smithsonian contributions to botany vol. 77. 105.
  18. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  19. Pulle, A. A. et al., eds. 1932-. Flora of Suriname. Note: lists as Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Steud.
  20. Spellman, D. L. et al. 1975, 1981. A list of the monocotyledoneae/dicotyledonae of Belize. Rhodora v. 77 & 83. Note: lists as Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth ex Steud.
  21. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 4:133-137.
  22. Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) A:136.
  23. Woodson, R. E. & R. W. Schery, eds. 1943-1980. Flora of Panama. Note: lists as Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp.

Check other web resources for Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Kunth :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ILDIS: International Legume Database & Information Service
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17647. Accessed 15 December 2019.