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Taxon: Glyceria maxima (Hartm.) Holmb.

 
Genus: Glyceria
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Meliceae
Nomen number: 17680
Place of publication: Bot. Not. 1919:97. 1919
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 14-Mar-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • reed sweet grass  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • reed-meadow grass  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • water-meadow grass  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • rough manna grass   (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • glycérie aquatique   (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • glicéria-maior  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • jättegröe  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals (due to presence of smut only in fresh foliage)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Kalmykia, Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States (s.e.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  3. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  4. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 23.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  9. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  10. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer. 2006. New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  13. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  14. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  15. Randall, R. P. 2007. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status.
  16. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:206-207.
  17. Soreng, R. J. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): IV. Subfamily Pooideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 48:375.
  18. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  19. Tzvelev, N. N. 1976. Zlaki SSSR
  20. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  22. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Glyceria maxima (Hartm.) Holmb. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17680. Accessed 28 May 2020.