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Taxon: Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC.

Genus: Glycosmis
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Clauseneae
Nomen number: 17816
Place of publication: Prodr. 1:538. 1824
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/154494
Comment: non Glycosmis pentaphylla auct. pl. (= G. mauritiana (Lam.) Tanaka)
Name Verified on: 30-Apr-2008 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 7 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • shan xiao ju  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Non-vertebrate poisons: potential for plant pest control in citrus;

Distributional Range:


    • CHINA: China [Yunnan Sheng (s.)]

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, India, [Andaman and Nicobar Islands] Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam (n.w.)
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Jawa, Sumatera] Malaysia (Malaya), Philippines


  1. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. 1963-1968. Flora of Java. Note: lists as Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) Corrêa
  2. Brizicky, G. K. 1962. Taxonomic and nomenclatural notes on Zanthoxylum and Glycosmis (Rutaceae). J. Arnold Arbor. 43:90. Note: sensu Retz. = Glycosmis arborea (Roxb.) DC.; sensu DC. = G. mauritiana
  3. Citrus Crop Germplasm Committee. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  4. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  5. Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long. 1984-. Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim.
  6. Grosser, J. W. et al. 2000. Somatic hybridization in Citrus: an effective tool to facilitate variety improvement. In Vitro Cell. Developmental Biol., Plant 36:434-449. Note: as "Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) Correa"
  7. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. Note: lists as Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) Corrêa
  8. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) Corrêa
  9. Matthew, K. M. 1983. The flora of the Tamilnadu Carnatic.
  10. Mitra, R. L. & K. Subramanyam. 1969. Glycosmis pentaphylla (Rutaceae) and related Indian taxa. J. Arnold Arbor. 50:155.
  11. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan. Note: lists as Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) Corrêa
  12. Nicolson, D. H. & C. R. Suresh. 1985. (804) Proposal to conserve 4087 Glycosmis against Panel (Rutaceae). Taxon 34:715-716.
  13. Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson. 1976. Flora of Hassan district. Note: sensu Retz. = Glycosmis arborea (Roxb.) DC.; sensu DC. = G. mauritiana
  14. Shapiro, J. P. et al. 1997. Resistance of Citrus rootstocks and Glycosmis pentaphylla against larval Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in live root or diet-incorporation assays. Florida Entomol. 80:471-477. Note: it examined resistance to larval infestation in roots of seedlings of Glycosmis pentaphylla; it found that larvae growth was reduced in this species compared with citrus graft stocks, it suggested it use as "finely milled roots" for controlling the weevil
  15. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  16. Siebert, T. J. et al. 2015. Observations of graft compatbility between Citrus spp. and related Aurantioideae taxa. Acta Hort. 1065:173-179. Note: it comments on unsuccessful attempts to graft any Glycosmis onto Citrus
  17. Stone, B. C. & T. G. Hartley. 1994. Supplement to the Rutaceae in Peninsular Malaysia. Gard. Bull. Singapore 46:125.
  18. Stone, B. C. 1985. A conspectus of the genus Glycosmis Correa. Studies in Malesian Rutaceae III. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 137:15.
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Glycosmis pentaphylla (Retz.) DC. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17816. Accessed 8 August 2020.