Taxon: Gomphocarpus physocarpus E. Mey.

 
Genus: Gomphocarpus
Family: Apocynaceae
Subfamily: Asclepiadoideae
Tribe: Asclepiadeae
Subtribe: Asclepiadinae
Nomen number: 17854
Place of publication: E. H. F. Meyer & J. F. Drège, Comm. pl. Afr. austr. 202. 1838
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 28-Mar-2006 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Mar-2017
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kellerman et al., as Asclepias physocarpa; Econ Pl Aust, as Asclepias fruticosus)
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique (s.)
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa, [Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Western Cape] Swaziland


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius [Rodrigues]

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: Hong Kong

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Jamaica
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Bahia, Goias, Minas Gerais, Paraiba, Parana, Rio de Janeiro, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Backer, C. A. & R. C. Bakhuizen van den Brink, Jr. Flora of Java. (F Java)
  5. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. Flores des Mascareignes. (F Mascar)
  6. Bruyns, P. V. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  7. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  8. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  9. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  10. Figueiredo, E. & G. F. Smith Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. 2008 (Pl Angol)
  11. Fontella P., J. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  12. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  13. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  14. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  15. Goyder, D. J. & A. Nicholas 2001. A revision of Gomphocarpus R. Br. (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadeae) Kew Bull. 56:788-790.
  16. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  17. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  18. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  19. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  20. Jagtap. A. P. & N. P. Singh 1999. Asclepiadaceae (Fasc F India) 24:27-28.
  21. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  22. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  24. Nicholas, A. 2001. pers. comm. (pers. comm.) via e-mail to J. R. Hosking on 21 Apr 1999 (recvd. 28 Feb)
  25. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  26. Reitz, R., ed. Flora ilustrada catarinense. (F SCatarin)
  27. Schijff, H. P. van der A check-list of the vascular plants of the Kruger national park. (L Kruger)
  28. St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Gomphocarpus physocarpus E. Mey. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17854. Accessed 23 June 2018.