Taxon: Gossypium herbaceum L.

 
Genus: Gossypium
Subgenus: Gossypium
Section: Gossypium
Subsection: Gossypium
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Gossypieae
Nomen number: 17915
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:693. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 10-Aug-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Nov-2001
Species priority site is: Cotton Collection (COT)
Accessions: 208 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • Arabian cotton  (Source: Dict Econ Pl) - English
  • Levant cotton  (Source: Fasc F India) - English
  • Maltese cotton  (Source: Dict Econ Pl) - English
  • short-staple cotton  (Source: AH USDA) - English
  • Syrian cotton  (Source: Dict Econ Pl) - English
  • cotonnier d'Asie  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • cotonnier herbacé  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • gewöhnliche Baumwolle  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • krautiger Baumwollstrauch  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • shiro-bana-wata  (Source: F Okin) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • algodoeiro-asiático  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • algodonero  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • algodonero herbáceo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • indisk bomull  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • cao mian  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Human food: oil/fat (from seeds fide Cornucopia)
  • Animal food: fodder (seed cakes fide Dict Econ Pl; Pl Book)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of tree cotton (based on fertile hybrids from crosses with A-genome Gossypium arboreum fide Genet Genom Cotton 82. 2009)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of New World cotton (based on meiotic irregularities in hybrids with Gossypium hirsutum fide Genetics 27:36. 1942)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of Sea Island cotton (based on meiotic irregularities in hybrids with Gossypium barbadense fide Genetics 27:36. 1942)
  • Materials: fiber ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Mozambique, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal] Swaziland


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China (w.)

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Ali, S. I. & S. M. H. Jafri, eds. Flora of Libya. (F Libya)
  3. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  4. Beasley, J. O. 1942. Meiotic chromosome behavior in species, species hybrids, haploids, and induced polyploids of Gossypium (Genetics) 27:25-54.
  5. Beasley, J. O. 1940. The production of polyploids in Gossypium J. Heredity 31:39-48.
  6. Brink, M. & R. P. Escobin, eds. 2003. Fibre plants (Pl Res SEAs) 17:139-150.
  7. Campbell, B. T. et al. 2010. Status of the global cotton germplasm resources Crop Sci. (Madison) 50:1161-1179.
  8. Cotton Crop Germplasm Committee Cotton germplasm status report and crop vulnerability status. 2005 (Cotton Status Rep) 18.
  9. Cotton Division AMS 1980. The classification of cotton U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 556:1.
  10. Cufodontis, G. Enumeratio plantarum aethiopiae: Spermatophyta. (F EthiopCuf)
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  12. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  13. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  14. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  16. Fryxell, P. A. 1976. A nomenclator of Gossypium. The botanical names of cotton Techn. Bull. U.S.D.A. 1491:38.
  17. Fryxell, P. A. 1992. A revised taxonomic interpretation of Gossypium L. (Malvaceae) (Rheedea) 2:147.
  18. Fryxell, P. A. 1979. The natural history of the cotton tribe. 1979 (Nat Hist Cotton) 64.
  19. Kulkarni, V. N. et al. The worldwide gene pools of Gossypium arboreum L. and G. herbaceum L., and their improvement (Genet Genom Cotton) 69-97.
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  23. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  24. Paul, T. K. & M. P. Nayar 1988. Malvaceae (Fasc F India) 19:115.
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  27. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  28. Renny-Byfield, S. et al. 2016. Independent domestication of two Old World cotton species (Genome Biol Evol) 8:1940-1947.
  29. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  31. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  32. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  33. Wendel, J. F. & V. A. Albert 1992. Phylogenetics of the cotton genus (Gossypium): character state weighted parsimony analysis of chloroplast-DNA restriction site data and its systematic and biogeographic implications Syst. Bot. 17:115-143.
  34. Wendel, J. F. et al. 2009. Evolution and natural history of the cotton genus (Genet Genom Cotton) 3-22.
  35. Westengen, O. T. et al. 2005. Genetic diversity and geographic pattern in early South American cotton domestication Theor. Appl. Genet. 110:392-402.
  36. Wiggins, I. L. Flora of Baja California. (F Baja)
  37. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Gossypium herbaceum L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=17915. Accessed 23 June 2018.