Taxon: Helleborus niger L.

 
Genus: Helleborus
Family: Ranunculaceae
Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
Tribe: Helleboreae
Nomen number: 18834
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:558. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 14-Apr-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Apr-2009
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3; Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany (s.), Switzerland (e.)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina (n.w.?), Croatia, Italy (n.), Slovenia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Germany


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  4. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  6. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  7. Greuter, W. et al., eds. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code). 2000 (ICBN St Louis) Art. 23.5, Ex. 5.
  8. Hess, H. E. et al. Flora der Schweiz, ed. 2. (F Switz)
  9. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  10. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  12. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  14. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  15. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Helleborus niger L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=18834. Accessed 25 May 2018.