Jump to: Common NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Helleborus niger L.

 
Genus: Helleborus
Subgenus: Helleborus
Section: Helleborus
Family: Ranunculaceae
Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
Tribe: Helleboreae
Nomen number: 18834
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:558. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 14-Apr-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 1 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3; Dict Gard)
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Germany (s.), Switzerland (e.)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bosnia and Herzegovina (n.w.?), Croatia, Italy (n.), Slovenia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Czech Republic, Germany


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  6. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  7. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 2000. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code) Art. 23.5, Ex. 5.
  8. Hess, H. E. et al. 1976. Flora der Schweiz, ed. 2.
  9. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  10. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  11. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  12. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  14. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  15. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.

Check other web resources for Helleborus niger L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=18834. Accessed 12 December 2019.