Taxon: Helleborus niger L.

Genus: Helleborus
Family: Ranunculaceae
Subfamily: Ranunculoideae
Tribe: Helleboreae
Nomen number: 18834
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:558. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 14-Apr-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Apr-2009
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Hortus 3; Dict Gard)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:


  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Germany ; Switzerland
    • Southeastern Europe: Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Croatia ; Italy ; Slovenia

  • Naturalized

  • Europe

    • Middle Europe: Czech Republic ; Germany

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  • Greuter, W. et al., eds. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code). 2000 (ICBN St Louis) Art. 23.5, Ex. 5.
  • Hess, H. E. et al. Flora der Schweiz, ed. 2. (F Switz)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Helleborus niger L. :