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Taxon: Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf & C. E. Hubb.

Genus: Hemarthria
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Rottboelliinae
Nomen number: 18849
Place of publication: Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1934:109. 1934
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 18-Apr-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 70 (38 active, 36 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Batavian quick grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • halt grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • limpo grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • red quick  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • red swamp grass  (Source: Grass SAfr) - English
  • snake grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • swamp couch  (Source: Blumea) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Grass Camer; Food Feed Crops US)

Distributional Range:


    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion

    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Tamil Nadu]
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar (s.), Thailand (n.), Vietnam (s.)
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Kalimantan]

    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain (incl. Baleares)


    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • United States

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere, incl. s. United States)


  1. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  2. Boulos, L. 1995. Flora of Egypt checklist.
  3. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana. Note: introduced
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  5. Ellis, R. P. 1997. pers. comm. Note: re. English common names
  6. Englert, J. M. et al. 1999-. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators
  7. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Hemarthria+altissima&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  12. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  13. Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  15. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan. Note: mentions
  16. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  17. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  18. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  19. Van Den Heuvel, E. & J. F. Veldkamp. 2000. Revision of Hemarthria (Gramineae-Andropogoneae-Rottboelliinae). Blumea 45:452.
  20. Zon, A. P. M. van der. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun

Check other web resources for Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf & C. E. Hubb. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=18849. Accessed 17 July 2019.