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Taxon: Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf & C. E. Hubb.

Genus: Hemarthria
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Rottboelliinae
Nomen number: 18849
Place of publication: Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1934:109. 1934
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 18-Apr-2001 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Aug-2002
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 70 (38 active, 36 available) in National Plant Germplasm System


Common names:

  • Batavian quick grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • halt grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • limpo grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • red quick  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • red swamp grass  (Source: Grass SAfr) - English
  • snake grass  (Source: Blumea) - English
  • swamp couch  (Source: Blumea) - English

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Grass Camer; Food Feed Crops US); forage (fide Grass Camer; Food Feed Crops US)

Distributional Range:


    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Tunisia
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Mali, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Lesotho, South Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion

    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Georgia

    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Tamil Nadu]
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar (s.), Thailand (n.), Vietnam (s.)
    • MALESIA: Indonesia [Kalimantan]

    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Spain (incl. Baleares)


    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Northern America
    • United States

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere, incl. s. United States)


  1. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  2. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt checklist. (L Egypt)
  3. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  4. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  5. Ellis, R. P. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  6. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  7. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  11. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  12. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  13. Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  16. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  17. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  18. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  19. Van Den Heuvel, E. & J. F. Veldkamp 2000. Revision of Hemarthria (Gramineae-Andropogoneae-Rottboelliinae) (Blumea) 45:452.
  20. Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)

Check other web resources for Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf & C. E. Hubb. :

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=18849. Accessed 22 March 2019.