Taxon: Heteropogon contortus (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult.

 
Genus: Heteropogon
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Anthristiriinae
Nomen number: 18953
Place of publication: Syst. veg. 2:836. 1817
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 18-May-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 18 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • black spear grass  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • bunch spear grass  (Source: pers. comm.) - English
  • bunched spear grass  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • spear grass  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • tangle grass  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • tanglehead  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • assegaaigras  (Source: Ecocrop) - Afrikaans
  • steekgras  (Source: Ecocrop) - Afrikaans
  • herbe à moutons  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • herbe barbue  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • herbe polisson  (Source: PROTA4U) - French
  • Speergras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • flechinha  (Source: PROTA4U) - Portuguese
  • hierba torcida  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • huang mao  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Weed: ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Lebanon, Syria
    • CHINA: China [Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia]

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Croatia, Italy, Montenegro
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California (s.)]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja California, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Tamaulipas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Colima, Federal District, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tabasco, Veracruz, Yucatan]

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina


References:

  1. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  2. Alderson, J. & W. C. Sharp Grass varieties in the United States, U.S.D.A. Agric. Handb. 170, rev. ed. 1995 (Grass VarUSA)
  3. Beetle, A. A. 1977. Noteworthy grasses from Mexico V (Phytologia) 37:356.
  4. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  5. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  6. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  7. Englert, J. M. et al. USDA-NRCS Improved conservation plant materials released by NRCS and cooperators. 1999- (NRCS Cons Pl Mat)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  11. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  12. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  13. Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  16. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  17. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  18. Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  19. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:137.
  20. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  21. USDA/ARS INVADERS database system. The University of Montana (on-line resource). (Invaders Database)
  22. Veldkamp, J. F. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  23. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). (Malezas Mex)
  24. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  25. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  26. Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)
  27. Zuloaga, F. O. & O. Morrone, eds. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la República Argentina. I. Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae y Angiospermae (Monocotyledonae), II. Dicotyledonae. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60, 74. (L Argent)

Check other web resources for Heteropogon contortus (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=18953. Accessed 22 April 2018.