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Taxon: Hibiscus cannabinus L.

 
Genus: Hibiscus
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Hibisceae
Nomen number: 19012
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1149. 1759
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Sep-2005
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 420 (286 active, 193 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Materials: lipids; lipids

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Rwanda, Zaire (e.)
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West] Swaziland


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. elsewhere in tropics)

    Uncertain

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (suggests it may be indigenous, but this is contradicted by other sources)


References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Bates, D. M. 1965. Notes on the cultivated Malvaceae. 1. Hibiscus (Baileya) 13:83-85.
  5. Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised (Blumea) 14:63-64.
  6. Brink, M. & R. P. Escobin, eds. 2003. Fibre plants (Pl Res SEAs) 17:156-162.
  7. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India 1959. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. (Wealth India RM) 5:77-84.
  8. Crance, J. C. 1947. Kenaf - fiber-plant rival of jute Econ. Bot. 1:334-350.
  9. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  13. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  15. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:363.
  16. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  17. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2. (Mult Glossary Crops)
  18. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  19. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  20. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis. (F PR)
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  22. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:102.
  23. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  25. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  26. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  27. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  28. Wilson, F. D. 1978. Wild kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus L. (Malvaceae), and related species in Kenya and Tanzania Econ. Bot. 32:199-204.
  29. Wilson, F. D. 1999. Revision of Hibiscus section Furcaria (Malvaceae) in Africa and Asia Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London, Bot. 29:66-67.
  30. Wilson, F. D. & M. Y. Menzel 1964. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa) Econ. Bot. 18:80-91.
  31. Wood, J. R. I. A handbook of the Yemen flora. (F Yemen)
  32. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Hibiscus cannabinus L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Hibiscus cannabinus cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19012. Accessed 17 October 2018.