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Taxon: Hibiscus cannabinus L.

 
Genus: Hibiscus
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Hibisceae
Nomen number: 19012
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1149. 1759
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 22-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 420 (286 active, 131 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder
  • Materials: lipids; lipids

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo (e.), Rwanda
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ghana, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West]


    Cultivated (widely cult. in tropics)

    Naturalized (widely natzd. elsewhere in tropics)

    Uncertain

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (suggests it may be indigenous, but this is contradicted by other sources)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bates, D. M. 1965. Notes on the cultivated Malvaceae. 1. Hibiscus. Baileya 13:83-85.
  3. Borssum Waalkes, J. v. 1966. Malesian Malvaceae revised. Blumea 14:63-64.
  4. Brink, M. & R. P. Escobin, eds. 2003. Fibre plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 17:156-162.
  5. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India. 1959. The wealth of India: a dictionary of Indian raw materials and industrial products. Raw materials. 5:77-84.
  6. Crance, J. C. 1947. Kenaf - fiber-plant rival of jute. Econ. Bot. 1:334-350.
  7. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  10. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Hibiscus+cannabinus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  11. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  12. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  13. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:363.
  14. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  15. International Seed Testing Association. 1982. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 1. Field crops, grasses and vegetables, ed. 2.
  16. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  18. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 1982. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis.
  19. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  20. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:102.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  24. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  25. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  26. Wilson, F. D. & M. Y. Menzel. 1964. Kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus), roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa). Econ. Bot. 18:80-91.
  27. Wilson, F. D. 1978. Wild kenaf, Hibiscus cannabinus L. (Malvaceae), and related species in Kenya and Tanzania. Econ. Bot. 32:199-204.
  28. Wilson, F. D. 1999. Revision of Hibiscus section Furcaria (Malvaceae) in Africa and Asia. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London, Bot. 29:66-67.
  29. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  31. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  32. PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource).

Check other web resources for Hibiscus cannabinus L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • On-line Flora of Zimbabwe:
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Hibiscus cannabinus cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19012. Accessed 19 September 2019.