Taxon: Agrostemma githago L.

 
Genus: Agrostemma
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Subfamily: Caryophylloideae
Tribe: Sileneae
Nomen number: 1917
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:435. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comments:
  • • [screening of grain seed has reduced weediness]
  • • the specific epithet is a noun in apposition, and retains its own gender and termination irrespective of the gender of the generic name (Melbourne ICN Art. 23.5)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 21-Nov-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 21-Jan-2014
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Cooper & Johnson ed2; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables, 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Monggol, Xinjiang]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway, Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Hungary, Netherlands, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Finland
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Germany, Poland

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Rio Grande do Sul]
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


    Other (exact native range in Asia obscure)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires. (Man BuenAir)
  5. Cabrera, A. L., ed. Flora de la provincia de Buenos Aires. (F BuenAir)
  6. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  8. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  9. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 7. 2001 (L Noms French ed7)
  10. Duke, J. A. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 1985 (CRC MedHerbs)
  11. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  12. Duncan, W. H. & J. T. Kartesz Vascular flora of Georgia: an annotated checklist. (L Georgia)
  13. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  14. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  15. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  16. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  17. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  18. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  19. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  20. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  21. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  22. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  23. Harrington, H. Manual of the plants of Colorado. (F Colo)
  24. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  25. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  26. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  27. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  28. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  29. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  30. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  31. Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  32. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  33. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia)
  34. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  35. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  36. Lems, K. Floristic botany of the Canary islands. (L Canary)
  37. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  38. Marzocca, A. 1994. Guia descriptiva de malezas del cono sur 44.
  39. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  40. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  41. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck A California flora. (F CalifMunz)
  42. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  43. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  44. Rabeler, R. 1997. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  45. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  46. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  47. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  48. Stewart, R. An annotated catalogue of the vascular plants of West Pakistan and Kashmir. 1972 (L Pak)
  49. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  50. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  51. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  52. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  53. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Agrostemma githago L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=1917. Accessed 19 April 2018.