Taxon: Hydrastis canadensis L.

Genus: Hydrastis
Family: Ranunculaceae
Subfamily: Hydrastidoideae
Tribe: Hydrastideae
Nomen number: 19478
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:1088. 1759
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 06-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 12-Sep-2005
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II: ()
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Eur Gard F; Zander ed14)
  • Medicines: source of hydrastine (fide Import Medicinal Pl; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Lampe & McCann)

Distributional Range:


  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada Ontario
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Vermont, West Virginia
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Keener, C. S. 1977. Studies in the Ranunculaceae of the southeastern United States: 6. Miscellaneous genera (Sida) 7:10.
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)

Check other web resources for Hydrastis canadensis L. :