Taxon: Hyoscyamus niger L.

 
Genus: Hyoscyamus
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Hyoscyameae
Nomen number: 19532
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:179. 1753
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 9 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: source of atropine, hyoscine, & hyoscyamine (fide Import Medicinal Pl; Bull Brit Mus 27:15. 1997; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann; Pammel; Der Marderosian; Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Other


    Native

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco ; Tunisia
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Armenia ; Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Tajikistan ; Turkmenistan
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Iran ; Iraq ; Lebanon ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Nepal ; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Estonia ; Latvia ; Lithuania ; Moldova ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Ireland ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Malta ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized


    Cultivated

  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India ; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Europe
  • Northern America

    • United States

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Babu, C. R. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun. (HF Dehra Dun)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables. 1974 (Weed TabCIBA)
  • Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  • Cordell, G. A. 1995. Natural products as medicinal and biological agents (Chem Amazon) 8-18.
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics. 1988 (Der Marderosian)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23, 1988) (Import Medicinal Pl)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. 1978-1982 (L Nepal)
  • Hoare, A. & S. Knapp 1997. A phylogenetic conspectus of the tribe Hyoscyamae: Solanaceae Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 27:15.
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  • Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. 1931-1941 (L Maroc)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:103.
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. 1970- (F Pak)
  • Pammel, L. H. Manual of poisonous plants. 1911 (Pammel)
  • Pottier-Alapetite, G. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones. 1979-1981 (F Tunis)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. 1963- (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually). (State Noxweed Seed)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zhao, Y. 1998. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)

Check other web resources for Hyoscyamus niger L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image