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Taxon: Hyoscyamus niger L.

 
Genus: Hyoscyamus
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Hyoscyameae
Nomen number: 19532
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:179. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 20-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 21 (9 active, 9 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Medicines: source of atropine, hyoscine, & hyoscyamine (fide Import Medicinal Pl; Bull Brit Mus 27:15. 1997; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Geigy Weed Tables. 1968)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan
    • CHINA: China

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.), Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Malta, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Pakistan

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • United States


    Naturalized (natzd. in temperate regions)

    Other (exact native range obscure)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Babu, C. R. 1977. Herbaceous flora of Dehra Dun.
  3. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Cordell, G. A. 1995. Natural products as medicinal and biological agents. Chemistry of the Amazon: biodiversity, natural products, and environmental issues 8-18.
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Der Marderosian, A. & L. Liberti. 1988. Natural product medicine: a scientific guide to foods, drugs, cosmetics
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Farnsworth, N. R. & D. D. Soejarto. 1988. Global importance of medicinal plants (unpublished draft manuscript rev. 23)
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Hyoscyamus+niger&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  14. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  15. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. Note: = var. agrestis
  16. Hoare, A. & S. Knapp. 1997. A phylogenetic conspectus of the tribe Hyoscyamae: Solanaceae. Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 27:15.
  17. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  18. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  19. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  20. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  21. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  22. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  23. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  24. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  25. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  26. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:103.
  27. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  28. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  29. Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. Note: poisonous
  30. Pottier-Alapetite, G. 1979-1981. Flore de la Tunisie: Angiospermes-Dicotyledones.
  31. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  32. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  35. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  36. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  37. Zhao, Y. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. common names

Check other web resources for Hyoscyamus niger L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19532. Accessed 16 July 2019.