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Taxon: Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf

 
Genus: Hyparrhenia
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Andropogoninae
Nomen number: 19550
Place of publication: D. Prain, Fl. trop. Afr. 9:304. 1919
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 05-Oct-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 32 (4 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • giant thatching grass  (Source: Grass SAfr) - English
  • jaragua grass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • geelaartamboekiegras  (Source: Grass SAfr) - Afrikaans
  • braunes Deckgras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Jaraguagras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • capim-jaraguá  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • jaraguá  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • yaragua  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Pl Book; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania (incl. Pemba, Zanzibar), Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Eswatini, Namibia, South Africa [Transvaal]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • South America (tropical)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • South America (tropical)


References:

  1. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. 1993. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62
  2. Bor, N. L. 1960. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan.
  3. Burkill, H. M. 1994. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. 2:266-267.
  4. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Hyparrhenia+rufa&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  6. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  9. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  10. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper. 1953-1972. Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2.
  11. Kress, W. J. et al. 2003. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 45
  12. Lazarides, M. 1980. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia
  13. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  14. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  15. Smith, A. C. 1979-1991. Flora vitiensis nova.
  16. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. 1952-. Flora of tropical East Africa.
  17. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  18. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  19. Zon, A. P. M. van der. 1992. Graminées du Cameroun

Check other web resources for Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19550. Accessed 18 November 2019.