Taxon: Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf

Genus: Hyparrhenia
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Andropogoninae
Nomen number: 19550
Place of publication: D. Prain, Fl. trop. Afr. 9:304. 1919
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 05-Oct-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Oct-2000
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • giant thatching grass  (Source: Grass SAfr) - English
  • jaragua grass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • geelaartamboekiegras  (Source: Grass SAfr) - Afrikaans
  • braunes Deckgras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Jaraguagras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • capim-jaraguá  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • jaraguá  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • yaragua  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Pl Book; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania ; Uganda
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Eritrea ; Ethiopia ; Sudan
    • Southern Africa: Botswana ; Namibia ; South Africa Transvaal; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin ; Burkina Faso ; Cote D'Ivoire ; Gambia ; Ghana ; Guinea ; Guinea-Bissau ; Mali ; Mauritania ; Nigeria ; Senegal ; Sierra Leone ; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Cameroon ; Zaire
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Myanmar
  • Northern America

    • United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • South America
    • Caribbean: West Indies

  • Cultivated

  • Africa

    • Western Indian Ocean: Mauritius
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Northern America

    • United States
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • South America
    • Caribbean: West Indies


  • Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  • Burkill, H. M. 1994. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. (Use Pl WT Afr) 2:266-267.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  • Kress, W. J. et al. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 45. 2003 (L Myanmar)
  • Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  • Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  • Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)


Check other web resources for Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf :