Taxon: Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf

 
Genus: Hyparrhenia
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Andropogoninae
Nomen number: 19550
Place of publication: D. Prain, Fl. trop. Afr. 9:304. 1919
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 05-Oct-2000 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Oct-2000
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • giant thatching grass  (Source: Grass SAfr) - English
  • jaragua grass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • geelaartamboekiegras  (Source: Grass SAfr) - Afrikaans
  • braunes Deckgras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • Jaraguagras  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • capim-jaraguá  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • jaraguá  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • yaragua  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder (fide Pl Book; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania (incl. Pemba, Zanzibar), Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [Transvaal] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar


    Cultivated

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • South America (tropical)


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar

    Northern America
    • United States (s.e.)

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • South America (tropical)


References:

  1. Arnold, T. H. & B. C. De Wet, eds. Plants of southern Africa: names and distribution. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa no. 62. 1993 (Pl SAfr)
  2. Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  3. Burkill, H. M. 1994. The useful plants of west tropical Africa. (Use Pl WT Afr) 2:266-267.
  4. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  5. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  6. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  8. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards Flora of Ethiopia. 1989- (and Eritrea. 2000) (F Ethiop)
  9. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  10. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  11. Kress, W. J. et al. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 45. 2003 (L Myanmar)
  12. Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  13. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  14. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  15. Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  16. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  17. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  18. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  19. Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)

Check other web resources for Hyparrhenia rufa (Nees) Stapf :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19550. Accessed 24 May 2018.