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Taxon: Hypericum perforatum L.

 
Genus: Hypericum
Section: Hypericum
Family: Hypericaceae
Nomen number: 19600
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:785. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358806
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 18-Jun-2004 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 83 (82 active, 70 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • goatweed  (Source: Noxweed Aust) - English
  • Klamathweed  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • perforate St. John's-wort  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • racecourseweed  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • St. John's-wort  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Tiptonweed  (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001) - English
  • Johanneskruid  (Source: Weeds SAfr 2001) - Afrikaans
  • St. John’s-wort    - English (Canada)
  • millepertuis commun   - French (Canada)
  • Tüpfel-Hartheu  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • Tüpfel-Johanniskraut  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • äkta johannesört  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • guan ye lian qiao  (Source: F China) - Transcribed Chinese
  • zveroboj obyknovenny  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: essential oils (for cosmetics) lipids
  • Medicines: source of hypericin; source of hypericin
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia (s.w.)
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation [Dagestan, Karachay-Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Stavropol]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh] Pakistan (n.)

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland (s.), Ireland, Norway (s.), Sweden (s.), United Kingdom [England, Scotland, Wales]
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: Andorra, France (incl. Corsica), Gibraltar, Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Germany, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Sudan [Darfur]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, South Africa [Western Cape]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Reunion

    Asia-Temperate
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Haiti
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Hypericum_perforatum/ target='_blank'
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Black, J. M. 1943-1957. Flora of Southern Australia, ed. 2.
  4. Bond, P. & P. Goldblatt. 1984. Plants of the Cape Flora, J. S. African Bot. suppl. vol. 13.
  5. Bosser, J. M. et al., eds. 1976-. Flores des Mascareignes.
  6. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  7. Cabrera, A. L. & E. M. Zardini. 1978. Manual de la flora de los alrededores de Buenos Aires.
  8. Cannon, J. & M. Cannon. 1994. Dye plants and dyeing The Herbert Press & The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  9. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  10. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. 1974. The CIBA-GEIGY Weed Tables
  11. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  12. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 174-175.
  13. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  14. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  15. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  16. Ernst, E. 1995. Phytomedicine. 2:67-71.
  17. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  18. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Hypericum+perforatum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  19. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  20. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  21. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  22. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  23. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  24. Harrington, H. 1954. Manual of the plants of Colorado.
  25. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  26. Henderson, M. et al. 1987. Declared weeds and alien invader plants in South Africa. Botanical Research Institute, bulletin 413
  27. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  28. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  29. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  30. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  31. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  32. Jiangsu Inst. Bot., ed. v. 1; Shan. R. H., ed. v. 2. 1977-1982. Jiangsu Zhiwuzhi (Flora of Jiangsu).
  33. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa Note: poisonous
  34. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  35. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  36. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  37. Lems, K. 1960. Floristic botany of the Canary islands.
  38. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 310.
  39. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  40. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  41. Meikle, R. D. 1977-1985. Flora of Cyprus.
  42. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  43. Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck. 1959. A California flora.
  44. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
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  46. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  47. Polunin, O. & A. Stainton. 1984. Flowers of the Himalaya
  48. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  49. Radford, A. E. et al. 1964. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas.
  50. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  51. Robson, N. K. B. 2002. Studies in the genus Hypericum L. (Guttiferae) 4(2). Section 9. Hypericum sensu lato (part 2): subsection 1. Hypericum series 1. Hypericum. Bull. Nat. Hist. Mus. London, Bot. 32(2):87-102.
  52. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
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  64. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  65. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Hypericum perforatum L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19600. Accessed 19 September 2019.