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Taxon: Impatiens glandulifera Royle

 
Genus: Impatiens
Family: Balsaminaceae
Nomen number: 19826
Place of publication: Ill. bot. Himal. Mts. 2(2): t. 28, fig. 2. 1834; 1(5):151. 1835
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 27-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 13 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • Himalayan balsam  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Indian balsam  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • ornamental jewelweed  (Source: PLANTS) - English
  • policeman's-helmet  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • balsamie de l'Himmalaya  (Source: F New Brunswick) - French
  • drüsiges Springkraut  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • indisches Springkraut  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • jättebalsamin  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Mizoram] Nepal, Pakistan (n.)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Gorno-Altay, Altay, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Novosibirsk]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Italy, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France

    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Morelos]
    • Canada, United States


References:

  1. Akiyama, S. 1999. New records of Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) in Hokkaido. Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B 25:143-149.
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  5. Clements, D. R. et al. 2008. The biology of invasive alien plants in Canada. 9. Impatiens glandulifera Royle. Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 88:403-417.
  6. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Fernández Nava, R. et al. 1998. Listado florístico de la cuenca del Río Balsas, México. Polibotanica 9:1-151.
  11. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  14. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  15. Hinds, H. R. 2000. Flora of New Brunswick, ed. 2.
  16. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. 1955-1969. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest.
  17. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  18. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. Note: = Impatiens roylei Walp.
  19. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. 2000-. Flora of Siberia (English translation) 10:77; 14:84.
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  22. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  23. National Plant Board. 2008-. National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries URL: http://nationalplantboard.org/docs/summaries/washington.pdf target='_blank'
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  26. Polunin, O. & A. Stainton. 1984. Flowers of the Himalaya
  27. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  28. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. 1993-. Flora of India.
  29. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  30. USDA, NRCS. United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service's PLANTS database (on-line resource).
  31. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  32. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  33. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Impatiens glandulifera Royle :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19826. Accessed 16 July 2019.