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Taxon: Impatiens glandulifera Royle

 
Genus: Impatiens
Family: Balsaminaceae
Nomen number: 19826
Place of publication: Ill. bot. Himal. Mts. 2(2): t. 28, fig. 2. 1834; 1(5):151. 1835
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 27-Feb-2003 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-Jun-2017
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 13 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • Himalayan balsam  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • Indian balsam  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • ornamental jewelweed  (Source: PLANTS) - English
  • policeman's-helmet  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • balsamie de l'Himmalaya  (Source: F New Brunswick) - French
  • drüsiges Springkraut  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • indisches Springkraut  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • jättebalsamin  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Mizoram, Uttar Pradesh] Nepal, Pakistan (n.)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation [Altay, Gorno-Altay, Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Italy, Romania, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France

    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Morelos]
    • Canada, United States


References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Akiyama, S. 1999. New records of Impatiens (Balsaminaceae) in Hokkaido Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, B 25:143-149.
  3. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  4. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  6. Clements, D. R. et al. 2008. The biology of invasive alien plants in Canada. 9. Impatiens glandulifera Royle Canad. J. Pl. Sci. 88:403-417.
  7. Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  8. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  11. Fernández Nava, R. et al. 1998. Listado florístico de la cuenca del Río Balsas, México (Polibotanica) 9:1-151.
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  13. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2. 1991 (Glea Cron ed2)
  14. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  15. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  16. Hinds, H. R. Flora of New Brunswick, ed. 2. (F New Brunswick)
  17. Hitchcock, C. L. et al. Vascular plants of the Pacific Northwest. (F Pacif NW)
  18. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  19. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  20. Krasnoborov, I. M., ed. Flora of Siberia (English translation). 2000- (F Siberia) 10:77; 14:84.
  21. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  22. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York. (F NE US)
  23. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  24. National Plant Board National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries. 2008- (NPB State Noxweed)
  25. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  26. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  27. Polunin, O. & A. Stainton Flowers of the Himalaya. 1984 (Flow Himal)
  28. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  29. Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  31. USDA, NRCS United States Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service's PLANTS database (on-line resource). (PLANTS)
  32. Voss, E. Michigan flora. (F Mich)
  33. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)

Check other web resources for Impatiens glandulifera Royle :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19826. Accessed 17 December 2018.