Taxon: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch.

 
Genus: Imperata
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
  Subfamily: Panicoideae
      Tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 19864
Place of publication: Nomencl. bot. 10. 1797 (A. M. F. J. Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 8, 165, 177, t. 5, fig. 1. 1812)
Comment: when Cirillo published the genus Imperata (in Pl. rar. neapol. 2: 26. 1792) he cited Lagurus cylindricus L. in its synonymy, thus Räuschel’s use of the generic name Imperata together with the Linnaean species epithet provides sufficient indirect link to the basionym Lagurus cylindricus, and this can be considered a validly published new combination (Melbourne ICN Art. 38.13 & 38.14)
Name Verified on: 05-Sep-2017 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 11 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:140-142. 1992)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Animal food: potential as forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:140-142. 1992)
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane (fide Bot Gaz 118:154-155. 1957, citing a 1938 cross that resulted in a 2n+n hybrid)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):310. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2, as I. cylindrica var. major)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Weed CIBA; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya; Tanzania; Uganda
    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Madeira Islands; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northeast Tropical Africa: Chad; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Sudan
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt; Libya; Morocco; Tunisia
    • South Tropical Africa: Angola; Malawi; Mozambique; Zambia; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: Botswana; Lesotho; Namibia; South Africa - Cape Province, - Free State, - KwaZulu-Natal, - Transvaal; Swaziland
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin; Burkina Faso; Cote D'Ivoire; Gambia; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Liberia; Mali; Niger; Nigeria; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Togo
    • West-Central Tropical Africa: Burundi; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Congo; Gabon; Rwanda; Zaire
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Arabian Peninsula: Oman; Saudi Arabia; Yemen
    • Caucasus: Armenia; Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu, - Kyushu, - Ryukyu Islands, - Shikoku; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Turkmenistan; Uzbekistan
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Egypt - Sinai; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Jordan; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan; India; Nepal; Pakistan; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Cambodia; Laos; Myanmar; Thailand; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia; Malaysia; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - Tasmania, - New South Wales, - Queensland, - South Australia, - Victoria, - Western Australia, - Northern Territory
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Cape Verde
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar; Seychelles
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Thailand
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia, - Lord Howe Island
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Northern America

    • : South America; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States - Hawaii
    • Northwestern Pacific: Guam; Micronesia; Northern Mariana Islands; Palau
    • Southwestern Pacific: American Samoa; Vanuatu
  • Southern America

    • : South America; United States
    • Caribbean: West Indies
    • Central America: Central America
    • Southern South America: Chile
    • Western South America: Colombia

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Webster's third new international dictionary. 1961 (Websters Dict)
  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Abbiw, D. K. Useful plants of Ghana. 1990 (Use Pl Ghana)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bensky, D., A. Gamble, & T. J. Kaptchuk Chinese herbal medicine: Materia medica, rev. ed. 1993 (Chin Herb Med)
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. 1960 (Grass BCIP)
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  • Holttum, R. E. et al. A revised flora of Malaya. 1953-1971 (F Malaya)
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Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. :

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