Taxon: Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch.

 
Genus: Imperata
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Nomen number: 19864
Place of publication: Nomencl. bot. 10. 1797 (A. M. F. J. Palisot de Beauvois, Ess. Agrostogr. 8, 165, 177, t. 5, fig. 1. 1812)
Link to protologue:
Comment: when Cirillo published the genus Imperata (in Pl. rar. neapol. 2: 26. 1792) he cited Lagurus cylindricus L. in its synonymy, thus Räuschel’s use of the generic name Imperata together with the Linnaean species epithet provides sufficient indirect link to the basionym Lagurus cylindricus, and this can be considered a validly published new combination (Melbourne ICN Art. 38.13 & 38.14)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 05-Sep-2017 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 05-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Animal food: potential as forage ()
  • Gene sources: tertiary genetic relative of sugarcane (fide Bot Gaz 118:154-155. 1957, citing a 1938 cross that resulted in a 2n+n hybrid)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):310. 1999; Herbs Commerce ed2, as I. cylindrica var. major)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, [Cape Province, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Transvaal] Swaziland

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation [Dagestan]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia (n.e.)]

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (s. & Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar, Seychelles

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia, [Lord Howe Island] Australia [Lord Howe Island]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Guam, Micronesia, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: American Samoa, Vanuatu

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Central America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Colombia
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile
    • South America


References:

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Check other web resources for Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=19864. Accessed 17 July 2018.