Jump to: Common NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web ReferencesImages

Taxon: Iris pseudacorus L.

 
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Limniris
Section: Limniris
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 20385
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:38. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 09-Jun-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • flag iris  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • pale-yellow iris  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • water flag  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • yellow flag  (Source: Dict Gard) - English
  • yellow flag iris  (Source: Iris China) - English
  • yellow iris  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • yellow water iris  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • common yellow iris  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • fleur-de-lis  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • iris des marais  (Source: Zander Ency) - French
  • iris jaune  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • iris jaune  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • Sumpf-Schwertlilie  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • svärdslilja  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals; mammals; mammals
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, [Astrakhan, Saratov, Volgograd] Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Australasia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. BernhardSmith, A. 1923. Poisonous plants of all countries, 2nd ed. Note: poisonous
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 58.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Iris+pseudacorus&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding. 1993. Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17.
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  15. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. 2004. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres
  16. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire. 1931-1941. Catalogue des plantes du Maroc.
  17. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  18. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  19. Maire, R. C. J. E. et al. 1952-. Flore de l'Afrique du Nord.
  20. Mathew, B. 1981. The Iris. 104.
  21. Moldenke, H. N. 1951. Poisonous plants of the world. Pamphlet, 3rd ed. Note: poisonous
  22. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  23. Pammel, L. H. 1911. Manual of poisonous plants. Note: poisonous
  24. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  25. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  26. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  27. Skvortsov, A. K., ed. 2006. Flora of the Lower Volga region 1:384-385.
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  29. Waddick, J. W. & Zhao Yu-tang. 1992. Iris of China
  30. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  31. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  32. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.
  33. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.
  34. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Iris pseudacorus L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20385. Accessed 22 November 2019.