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Taxon: Iris versicolor L.

 
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Limniris
Section: Limniris
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 20440
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:39. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 24-Aug-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (2 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • blue flag  (Source: Herbs Commerce) - English
  • purple iris  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • varied-color iris  (Source: Iris China) - English
  • water flag  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • blue flag  (Source: ICAW) - English (Canada)
  • iris variable  (Source: Zander Ency) - French
  • iris versicolore  (Source: F NAmer) - French
  • iris versicolore  (Source: ICAW) - French (Canada)
  • verschiedenfarbige Schwertlilie  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • brokiris  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Zander ed13)
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador (incl. Labrador), Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Québec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Manitoba (s.)]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Connecticut]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Minnesota, Wisconsin]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Maryland, Virginia]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. American Herbal Products Association. 1992. Herbs of commerce
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Britton, N. L. & A. Brown. 1952. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British possessions, ed. 3.
  5. Crow, G. E. & C. B. Hellquist. 2000. Aquatic and wetland plants of northeastern North America, 2 vols.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 58-59.
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada, ed. 2
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  13. Magee, D. W. & H. E. Ahles. 1999. Flora of the Northeast. A manual of the vascular flora of New England and adjacent New York.
  14. Mathew, B. 1981. The Iris. 104.
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  17. Ohio Flora Committee (E. L. Braun, T. S. Cooperrider, T. R. Fisher, J. J. Furlow). 1967-. The vascular flora of Ohio.
  18. Ownbey, G. B. & T. Morley. 1991. Vascular plants of Minnesota: a checklist and atlas
  19. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  20. Rhoads, A. F. & T. A. Block. 2000. The plants of Pennsylvannia. An illustrated manual
  21. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  22. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  23. Seymour, F. 1969. The flora of New England.
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  25. Voss, E. 1972-. Michigan flora.
  26. Waddick, J. W. & Zhao Yu-tang. 1992. Iris of China
  27. Wherry, E. T. et al. 1979. Atlas of the flora of Pennsylvania.
  28. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Iris versicolor L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20440. Accessed 16 September 2019.