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Taxon: Iris xiphium L.

 
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Xiphium
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 20447
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:40. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: a proposal to reject this name against the heterotypic synonym (Shenzhen ICN Art. 14.4) Xiphion vulgare Mill. has failed
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 13-Mar-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 6 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental; ornamental

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy (incl. Sardinia)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Applequist, W. L. 2013. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 65. Taxon 62:1323-1324. Note: proposal not recommended
  3. Crespo, M. B. & G. Zijlstra. 2013. (2116) Proposal to conserve the name Xiphion vulgare against Iris xiphium (Iridaceae, Iridoideae). Taxon 62:175-176.
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  6. Fennane, M. & M. I. Tattou. 1998. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc. Bocconea 8:205.
  7. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  9. Mathew, B. F. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  10. Mathew, B. 1981. The Iris. 138.
  11. Quézel, P. & S. Santa. 1962-1963. Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie.
  12. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  13. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  14. Wilson, K. L. 2016. Report of the General Committee: 14. Taxon 65:878. Note: proposal recommended
  15. Zhong Guo & Hua Jing. 1993. China floral encyclopaedia.

Check other web resources for Iris xiphium L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20447. Accessed 20 September 2019.