Taxon: Iris xiphium L.

 
Genus: Iris
  Subgenus: Xiphium
Family: Iridaceae
  Subfamily: Iridoideae
      Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 20447
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:40. 1753, nom. rej. prop.
Comment: proposed for rejection (nom. rej. prop.) against the heterotypic synonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4) Xiphion vulgare Mill., nom. cons. prop.
Name Verified on: 18-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jan-2015
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Gene sources: ornamental features (fide B. F. Mathew, pers. comm. 1996)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco; Tunisia
  • Europe

    • Southeastern Europe: Italy
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

    . natzd. elsewhere

    Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Applequist, W. L. 2013. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 65 (Taxon) 62:1323-1324.
  • Crespo, M. B. & G. Zijlstra 2013. (2116) Proposal to conserve the name Xiphion vulgare against Iris xiphium (Iridaceae, Iridoideae) (Taxon) 62:175-176.
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Fennane, M. & M. I. Tattou 1998. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc (Bocconea) 8:205.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Mathew, B. The Iris. 1981 (Iris) 138.
  • Mathew, B. F. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. 1962-1963 (F Alger)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. 1986- (Eur Gard F)
  • Zhong Guo & Hua Jing China floral encyclopaedia. 1993 (China FlEncy)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Iris xiphium L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image