Taxon: Iris xiphium L.

 
Genus: Iris
Subgenus: Xiphium
Family: Iridaceae
Subfamily: Iridoideae
Tribe: Irideae
Nomen number: 20447
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:40. 1753, nom. rej. prop.
Link to protologue:
Comment: proposed for rejection (nom. rej. prop.) against the heterotypic synonym (Melbourne ICN Art. 14.4) Xiphion vulgare Mill., nom. cons. prop.
Typification:
Name Verified on: 18-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-Jan-2015
Species priority site is: Ornamental Plant Germplasm Center (OPGC)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; Eur Gard F)
  • Gene sources: ornamental features ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Italy (incl. Sardinia)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Applequist, W. L. 2013. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 65 (Taxon) 62:1323-1324.
  3. Crespo, M. B. & G. Zijlstra 2013. (2116) Proposal to conserve the name Xiphion vulgare against Iris xiphium (Iridaceae, Iridoideae) (Taxon) 62:175-176.
  4. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  5. Fennane, M. & M. I. Tattou 1998. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires rares, menacées ou endémiques du Maroc (Bocconea) 8:205.
  6. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  7. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  8. Mathew, B. The Iris. (Iris) 138.
  9. Mathew, B. F. 1996. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  10. Quézel, P. & S. Santa Nouvelle flore de l'Algerie. (F Alger)
  11. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  12. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  13. Zhong Guo & Hua Jing China floral encyclopaedia. (China FlEncy)

Check other web resources for Iris xiphium L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20447. Accessed 19 June 2018.