Taxon: Ischaemum rugosum Salisb.

Genus: Ischaemum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Andropogoneae
Subtribe: Ischaeminae
Nomen number: 20489
Place of publication: Icon. stirp. rar. 1, t. 1. 1791
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Dec-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 22-May-2003
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:146. 1992)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Pl Res SEAs 4:146. 1992; Weed CIBA)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Sichuan, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan ; India ; Nepal ; Pakistan Punjab; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar ; Thailand
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Northern Territory, Queensland

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • West Tropical Africa: Nigeria
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
  • Southern America

    • Brazil: Brazil Amapa, Ceara, Goias, Para, Sao Paulo
    • Central America: Costa Rica
    • Northern South America: Venezuela
    • Western South America: Colombia


  • Bamidele, J. et al. 2007. Phyto-toxic effects of gasoline on Ischaemum rugosum (Salisb): a wetland species. Amer. J. Pl. Physiol. 2:276-281.
  • Bor, N. L. The grasses of Burma, Ceylon, India, and Pakistan. (Grass BCIP)
  • CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. 2011. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia (Darwiniana) 49:139-247.
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  • Holttum, R. E. et al. A revised flora of Malaya. (F Malaya)
  • Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  • Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  • Lazarides, M. The tropical grasses of Southeast Asia. 1980 (Grass SEAs)
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • National Plant Board National Plant Board federal and state quarantine summaries. 2008- (NPB State Noxweed)
  • Plant Protection and Quarantine Office United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. Federal noxious weed list (on-line resource). (USDA/APHIS)
  • Rodenburg, J. et al. 2011. Challenges for weed management in African rice systems in a changing climate J. Agric. Sci. (Cambridge) 149:427-435.
  • Shukla, U. Grasses of north-eastern India. 1996 (Grass NE India)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  • 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:146.
  • Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  • Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  • Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:276.

Check other web resources for Ischaemum rugosum Salisb. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.