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Taxon: Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle

 
Genus: Ailanthus
Family: Simaroubaceae
Nomen number: 2072
Place of publication: J. Washington Acad. Sci. 6:495. 1916
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 05-May-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 11 (3 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; shade/shelter
  • Fuels:
  • Invertebrate food:
  • Materials: wood (timber)
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng, Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shanxi Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Nei Mongol Zizhiqu, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • Europe

    Northern America
    • Canada, Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • South America (s.)


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  3. Chen Fenghwai & Wu Telin. 1991-. Flora of Guangdong.
  4. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Ailanthus+altissima&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  9. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  12. Jiangsu Institute of Botany. 1982. Flora of Jiangsu.
  13. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  14. Lee, S.-C. 1935. Forest botany of China. 694.
  15. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  16. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  17. Meyer, F. G. et al. 1994. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States
  18. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  19. National Academy of Sciences. 1980. Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production
  20. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University. 1998. Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. URL: http://www.wpro.who.int/internet/files/pub/97/17.pdf target='_blank'
  21. Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson. 1992. Noxious weeds of Australia Inkata Press, Melbourne, Australia.
  22. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  23. St. John, H. 1973. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands
  24. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  25. Takhtajan, A. L., ed. 1954-1987. Flora Armenii.
  26. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/treeheaven.shtml target='_blank'
  27. Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van & N. Bunyapraphatsara, eds. 2001. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 12(2):45-48.
  28. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  29. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  30. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2072. Accessed 21 September 2019.