Taxon: Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle

Genus: Ailanthus
Family: Simaroubaceae
Nomen number: 2072
Place of publication: J. Washington Acad. Sci. 6:495. 1916
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 05-May-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Environmental: shade/shelter (fide Mansf Ency)
  • Fuels: potential as fuelwood (fide Firewood Cr)
  • Invertebrate food: silkworms (for larvae of moth Attacus cynthia fide Noxweed Aust)
  • Materials: wood (timber fide Ency WTimber; Noxweed Aust)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Econ Pl Aust; Invasive Pl Spec; Weeds SAfr 2001)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Xizang, Yunnan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Africa
    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia
    • New Zealand: New Zealand
  • Europe

    • Europe
  • Northern America

    • Canada ; Mexico ; United States
  • Pacific

    • North-Central Pacific: United States Hawaii
  • Southern America

    • South America

  • Cultivated


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  • Chen Fenghwai & Wu Telin Flora of Guangdong. (F Guangdong)
  • Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  • Jiangsu Institute of Botany Flora of Jiangsu. (F Jiangsu)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Lee, S.-C. 1935. Forest botany of China 694.
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Meyer, F. G. et al. A catalog of cultivated woody plants of the southeastern United States. 1994 (L CultWPl SE US)
  • Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  • National Academy of Sciences Firewood crops. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1980 (Firewood Cr)
  • Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. (Med Pl Korea)
  • Parsons, W. T. & E. G. Cuthbertson Noxious weeds of Australia. 1992 (Noxweed Aust)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • St. John, H. List and summary of the flowering plants in the Hawaiian islands. 1973 (L Hawaii)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  • Takhtajan, A. L., ed. Flora Armenii. (F Armenia)
  • USDA National Agricultural Library National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). (Nat Invasive Sp Info)
  • Valkenburg, J. L. C. H. van & N. Bunyapraphatsara, eds. 2001. Medicinal and poisonous plants 2 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(2):45-48.
  • Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image