Taxon: Juniperus communis L.

 
Genus: Juniperus
Family: Cupressaceae
Nomen number: 20821
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1040. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 10-Jul-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Jul-2007
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 25 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (for gin drinks fide Food Feed Crops US; Monog Cupressaceae)
  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (rust diseases fide Disease Comp, Compendium of apple and pear diseases 13. 1990. APS)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed14; Monog Cupressaceae)
  • Materials: essential oils ()
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation [Dagestan]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (e.), Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kamchatka, Kurile Islands, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China [Jilin, Xinjiang, Xizang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaido, Honshu] Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territory, Yukon Territory] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois (n. & e.), Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota (n.w.), Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Georgia (n.), North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Adams, R. P. Junipers of the world: the genus Juniperus, ed. 2. 2008 (Gen Juniperus)
  2. Adams, R. P. & R. N. Pandey 2003. Analysis of Juniperus communis and its varieties based on DNA fingerprinting Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 31:1271-1278.
  3. Adams, R. P. et al. 2002. Systematics of Juniperus from eastern Asia based on Random Amplified Polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs) Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 30:231-241.
  4. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  7. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  9. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  12. Farjon, A. A monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys. 2005 (Monog Cupressaceae) 265-267.
  13. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer) 2:414-415.
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  15. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  16. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  17. International Seed Testing Association A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees. (Mult Glossary Trees)
  18. IPGRI New World Fruits Database (on-line resource). (New World Fruits)
  19. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  20. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  21. Jones, A. L. & H. S. Aldwinckle 1990. Compendium of apple and pear diseases (Diseas Comp) 13.
  22. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  24. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  25. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  26. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  27. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  29. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  30. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  31. Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae Phytologia Mem. 8:89.

Check other web resources for Juniperus communis L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20821. Accessed 21 June 2018.