Taxon: Juniperus communis L.

 
Genus: Juniperus
Family: Cupressaceae
Nomen number: 20821
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1040. 1753
Name Verified on: 10-Jul-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 17-Jul-2007
Species priority site is: National Arboretum (NA)
Accessions: 37 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (for gin drinks fide Food Feed Crops US; Monog Cupressaceae)
  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (rust diseases fide Disease Comp, Compendium of apple and pear diseases 13. 1990. APS)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed14; Monog Cupressaceae)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide HerbSpices)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan
    • China: China - Jilin, - Xinjiang, - Xizang
    • Eastern Asia: Japan - Hokkaido, - Honshu; Korea
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Tajikistan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation - Kamchatka, - Kurile Islands, - Sakhalin
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Nepal; Pakistan
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Iceland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - New Brunswick, - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Prince Edward Island, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Minnesota, - North Dakota, - South Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Hampshire, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Colorado, - Idaho, - Montana, - Oregon, - Washington, - Wyoming
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - New Mexico
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Georgia, - North Carolina, - South Carolina, - Virginia
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Nevada, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Canada - Northwest Territory, - Yukon Territory; United States - Alaska
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

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  • Adams, R. P. & R. N. Pandey 2003. Analysis of Juniperus communis and its varieties based on DNA fingerprinting Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 31:1271-1278.
  • Adams, R. P. et al. 2002. Systematics of Juniperus from eastern Asia based on Random Amplified Polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs) Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 30:231-241.
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
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  • Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. 1959- (F China)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. 1986-1987 (HerbSpices)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
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