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Taxon: Juniperus communis L.

 
Genus: Juniperus
Family: Cupressaceae
Nomen number: 20821
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1040. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 10-Jul-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 42 (28 active, 5 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Food additives:
  • Harmful organism host:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation [Dagestan]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (e.), Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Kurile Islands, Kamchatka, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China [Jilin Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaidô, Honshu] Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Canada, [Northwest Territories, Yukon] United States [Alaska]
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Québec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota (n.w.), Illinois (n. & e.), Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Georgia (n.), North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Adams, R. P. & R. N. Pandey. 2003. Analysis of Juniperus communis and its varieties based on DNA fingerprinting. Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 31:1271-1278.
  2. Adams, R. P. et al. 2002. Systematics of Juniperus from eastern Asia based on Random Amplified Polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs). Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 30:231-241.
  3. Adams, R. P. 2008. Junipers of the world: the genus Juniperus, ed. 2
  4. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  5. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  6. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  7. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  8. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 14.
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  10. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  11. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  13. Farjon, A. 2005. A monograph of Cupressaceae and Sciadopitys 265-267.
  14. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America. 2:414-415.
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Juniperus+communis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  16. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  17. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  18. International Seed Testing Association. 1971. A Multilingual Glossary of Common Plant-Names 2. Trees.
  19. IPGRI. New World Fruits Database (on-line resource).
  20. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  21. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  22. Jones, A. L. & H. S. Aldwinckle. 1990. Compendium of apple and pear diseases. The disease compendium series. 13.
  23. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: with three varieties
  24. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  25. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  26. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  27. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  28. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  29. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  30. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  31. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  32. Silba, J. 1986. Encyclopaedia Coniferae. Phytologia Mem. 8:89.

Check other web resources for Juniperus communis L. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • New World Fruits Database: Online database from Bioversity International
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Juniperus communis cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=20821. Accessed 5 December 2019.