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Taxon: Aira caryophyllea L.

 
Genus: Aira
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Pooideae
Tribe: Poeae
Subtribe: Airinae
Nomen number: 2086
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:66. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 05-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Oct-2018
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 0 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: forage; forage
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Ethiopia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Cameroon
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Nigeria
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Malawi

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Sweden (doubtfully native), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Lithuania, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho (natzd.?), South Africa [Eastern Cape (natzd.?), Free State (natzd.?), KwaZulu-Natal (natzd.?), Northern Cape (natzd.?), Western Cape (natzd.?)]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, Virginia]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [California]
    • Canada, Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Uruguay


    Uncertain

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Baldwin, B. G. et al., eds. The Jepson manual: vascular plants of California (on-line resource). (F CalifJep ed2)
  3. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  4. Demilly, D. et al. Liste alphabétique des principales espèces de plantes cultivées et de mauvaises herbes. Noms latins et noms français, ed. 6. (L Noms French ed6)
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  6. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  7. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  8. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  9. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  10. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  11. Hansen, A. & P. Sunding Flora of Macaronesia: checklist of vascular plants, ed. 4. Sommerfeltia vol. 17. (L Macar ed4)
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  13. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  14. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  15. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  16. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  17. Jahandiez, E. & R. Maire Catalogue des plantes du Maroc. (L Maroc)
  18. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  19. Keay, R. W. J. & F. N. Hepper Flora of west tropical Africa, ed. 2. (F WT Afr)
  20. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  21. McClay, A. et al. 2010. Evaluation of the Australian weed risk assessment system for the prediction of plant invasiveness in Canada Biol. Invas. 12:4085-4098.
  22. Radford, A. E. et al. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. (F Carolin)
  23. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  24. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  25. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  26. Turrill, W. B. et al., eds. Flora of tropical East Africa. (F TE Afr)
  27. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  28. Tzvelev, N. N. Zlaki SSSR. 1976 (Grass USSR)
  29. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-382.
  30. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  31. Wagner, W. L. et al. Flora of the Hawaiian Islands (on-line resource). (F Hawaii Online)
  32. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  33. Zon, A. P. M. van der Graminées du Cameroun. 1992 (Grass Camer)

Check other web resources for Aira caryophyllea L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • CNWG: Catalogue of New World Grasses Searchable Database
  • Grass Manual on the Web: Manual of Grasses for North America North of Mexico
  • World Grass Species-Descriptions: Morphological species description from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2086. Accessed 17 November 2018.