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Taxon: Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande

 
Genus: Alliaria
Family: Brassicaceae (alt.Cruciferae)
Tribe: Thlaspideae
Nomen number: 2210
Place of publication: Bull. Orto Bot. Regia Univ. Napoli 3:418. 1913
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 02-Apr-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 50 (13 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • garlic mustard  (Source: Pl Invasion) - English
  • hedge-garlic  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • jack-by-the-hedge  (Source: Zander Ency) - English
  • garlic mustard   - English (Canada)
  • alliaire officinale   - French (Canada)
  • gewöhnliche Knoblauchsrauke  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • löktrav  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring; flavoring
  • Medicines:
  • Weed:

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India (n.w.), Nepal, Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina [Neuquén, Río Negro]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Al-Shehbaz, I. 2010. pers. comm. Note: re. distribution
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  5. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  6. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 113.
  7. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  8. Dorofeev, V. 1996. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  9. Drayton, B. 2001. A new record for Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae) in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire. Rhodora 103:323-325.
  10. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  11. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Alliaria+petiolata&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  14. Hara, H. et al. 1978-1982. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal.
  15. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  16. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen. 1972-. Atlas florae europaeae.
  17. McCarthy, B. C. & S. L. Hanson. 1998. An assessment of the allelopathic potential of the invasive weed Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae). Castanea 63:68-73.
  18. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  19. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  20. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  21. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  22. Rollins, R. C. 1993. The Cruciferae of continental North America
  23. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  24. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  25. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/plants/garlicmustard.shtml target='_blank'
  26. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  28. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=2210. Accessed 19 September 2019.