Taxon: Ligustrum vulgare L.

 
Genus: Ligustrum
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 22101
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:7. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 24-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 24-May-1995
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 28 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.w.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, Norway (s.e.), Sweden (s.w.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  3. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas (Pl Invasion) 255-267.
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Greuter, W. et al., eds. Med-Checklist. (L Medit)
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  11. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  13. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  14. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  15. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  17. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  18. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  19. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  21. Mabberley, D. J. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2. 1997 (Pl Book)
  22. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  23. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  24. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  25. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  26. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  27. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  29. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. European garden flora. (Eur Gard F)
  30. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  31. Zohary, M. et al. Conspectus florae orientalis. (L Orient)

Check other web resources for Ligustrum vulgare L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Ligustrum vulgare cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=22101. Accessed 19 June 2018.