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Taxon: Ligustrum vulgare L.

 
Genus: Ligustrum
Family: Oleaceae
Tribe: Oleeae
Nomen number: 22101
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:7. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 24-May-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 48 (28 active, 14 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support; ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.w.), Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland, Norway (s.e.), Sweden (s.w.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Moldova, Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Italy, Romania
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France, Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • United States


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  3. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  4. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson. 1998. Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning Note: poisonous
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Ligustrum+vulgare&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  10. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  11. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  15. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  16. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  17. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  18. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  19. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  21. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  22. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource).
  23. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  24. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  25. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  26. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  27. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest. 1966-. Flora of Iraq.
  28. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  29. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  30. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  31. Zohary, M. et al. 1980-. Conspectus florae orientalis.
  32. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Ligustrum vulgare L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Ligustrum vulgare cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=22101. Accessed 20 August 2019.