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Taxon: Litchi chinensis Sonn.

 
Genus: Litchi
Family: Sapindaceae
Subfamily: Sapindoideae
Nomen number: 22399
Place of publication: Voy. Indes orient. 2:230[quarto], 3:255[octavo], t. 129. 1782
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Nov-1985 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 302 (85 active, 75 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Human food:
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Guangdong Sheng, Hainan Sheng]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia (probably native), Vietnam (n. (probably native))


    Cultivated



    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar
    • MALESIA: Philippines


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Degani, C. et al. 2003. Identifying lychee (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) cultivars and their genetic relationships using intersimple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 128:838-845.
  3. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  4. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Litchi+chinensis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  5. Fosberg, F. R. et al. 1979-1982. Geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae/ Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae.
  6. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  7. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  8. Leenhouts, P. W. 1971. A revision of Dimocarpus (Sapindaceae). Blumea 19:129.
  9. Leenhouts, P. W. 1978. Systematic notes on the Sapindaceae - Nephelieae. Blumea 24:398.
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  11. Luna, R. K. 1996. Plantation trees. Note: International Book Distributors
  12. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  14. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  15. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  16. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  17. Reichel, S. 1998. pers. comm. Note: re. German common names
  18. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  19. Sarin, N. B. et al. 2009. Litchi breeding for genetic improvement. Breeding plantation tree crops: temperate species 7:217-245.
  20. Tindall, H. D. 1994. Sapindaceous fruits: botany and horticulture. Hort. Rev. 16:144, 145, 147, 151, 153, 161.
  21. Verheij, E. W. M. & R. E. Coronel, eds. 1991. Edible fruits and nuts. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 2:191.
  22. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Litchi chinensis Sonn. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=22399. Accessed 21 August 2019.