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Taxon: Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) J. M. Coult.

 
Genus: Lophophora
Family: Cactaceae
Subfamily: Cactoideae
Tribe: Cacteae
Nomen number: 22667
Place of publication: Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3:131. 1894
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 16-Oct-1986 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-May-2011
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 5 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • cactus pudding  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • devil's-root  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • diabolic-root  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • divine cactus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • dry-whiskey  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • dumpling cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • Indian-dope  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • mescal-button  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • mescal-buttons  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • turnip cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • whiskey cactus  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • white-mule  (Source: Cact Fam) - English
  • peyote  (Source: World Econ Pl) - Spanish
  • peyotl  (Source: Cact Fam) - Spanish

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Medicines:
  • Social: masticatory; religious/secular
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas]


References:

  1. Anderson, E. F. The cactus family. 2001 (Cact Fam)
  2. Backeberg, C. 1967. Die Cactaceae 2896-2898.
  3. Backeberg, C. 1977. Das Kakteen Lexikon 218.
  4. Benson, L. The cacti of the United States and Canada. 1982 (Cact US Can) 948.
  5. Bravo-Hollis, H. & H. Sánchez-Mejorada 1978. Las Cactáceas de México, vol. 1 - 1978, vols. 2,3 - 1991 (Cact Mex) 376-384.
  6. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  7. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  8. Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston Manual of the vascular plants of Texas. 1970 (F Tex)
  9. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  10. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  11. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  12. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  14. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  15. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  16. Zhong Guo & Hua Jing China floral encyclopaedia. (China FlEncy)

Check other web resources for Lophophora williamsii (Lem. ex Salm-Dyck) J. M. Coult. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=22667. Accessed 16 November 2018.