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Taxon: Lycium chinense Mill.

 
Genus: Lycium
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Tribe: Lycieae
Nomen number: 22942
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Lycium no. 5. 1768
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 30-Apr-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 10-Jan-2006
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 4 (2 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • Chinese boxthorn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • Chinese matrimony-vine  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Chinese teaplant  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • Chinese wolfberry  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • wolfberry  (Source: CRC MedHerbs ed2) - English
  • lyciet de Chine  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • chinesischer Bocksdorn  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • daun koki  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Indonesian
  • spina santa cinese  (Source: F Ital) - Italian
  • kuko  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • kaukichai  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - Malay
  • bredbladigt bocktörne  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • gou qi  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • gugija  (Source: Kulturpflanze) - Transcribed Korean
  • gugijanamu  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: erosion control; ornamental
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Ency CNatIn; F ChinaEng)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide F ChinaEng; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia (s.)
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Fujian, Gansu (s.), Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDO-CHINA: Thailand


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  8. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  11. Hummer, K. E. et al. 2012. Chapter 4. Emerging fruit crops (Handb Pl Breed Fruit) 4:129-135.
  12. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  13. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  14. Kitagawa, M. Neo-lineamenta florae Manshuricae. (F Manshur)
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  16. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  17. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  18. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn) 358.
  19. Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  20. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  21. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  22. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  23. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:107.
  24. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. (Med Pl Korea)
  25. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  26. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  27. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  28. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  29. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  30. Siemonsma, J. S. & Kasem Piluek, eds. 1993. Vegetables (Pl Res SEAs) 8:197.
  31. Steward, A. N. Manual of vascular plants of the lower Yangtze valley. (F LowYangtze)
  32. Tai Hyun Chung Illustrated encyclopedia of fauna & flora of Korea, vol. 5, Tracheophyta. (Ency Korea)
  33. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  34. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Lycium chinense Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=22942. Accessed 12 December 2018.