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Taxon: Lythrum salicaria L.

 
Genus: Lythrum
Family: Lythraceae
Nomen number: 23022
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:446. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • purple loosestrife  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • purple lythrum  (Source: State Noxweed Seed) - English
  • spiked loosestrife  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • purple loosestrife   - English (Canada)
  • salicaire  (Source: Zander Ency) - French
  • salicaire commune   - French (Canada)
  • Blut-Weiderich  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • miso-hagi  (Source: F Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • abre-o-sol  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • erva-da-vida  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • quebra-arado  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • vassourinha  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • fackelblomster  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • qian qu cai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia [Eastern Siberia]
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Amur, Primorye, Sakhalin]
    • CHINA: China (throughout)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Hokkaidô, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Western Cape]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Tasmania, New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria]
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Canada, United States

    Southern America
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  4. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Florida state list aquatic & wetland noxious weeds - from Department of Environmental Protection (on-line resource).
  5. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  6. Conant, P. et al. 1997. Appendix. Selected plant species interfering with resource management goals in North American natural areas. Assessment and management of plant invasions. 255-267.
  7. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 178.
  8. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  9. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  10. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Lythrum+salicaria&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  14. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 2000. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code) Art. 23.5, Ex. 6.
  15. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  16. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  17. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  18. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  19. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  20. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  21. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  22. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  23. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  24. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  25. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  26. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  27. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  28. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  29. Seed Regulatory and Testing Division, Agricultural Marketing Service, U.S.D.A. State noxious-weed seed requirements recognized in the administration of the Federal Seed Act (updated annually).
  30. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  31. USDA National Agricultural Library. National Invasive Species Information Center (on-line resource). URL: http://www.invasivespeciesinfo.gov/aquatics/loosestrife.shtml target='_blank'
  32. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  33. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  34. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Lythrum salicaria L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • ABRS: Australian Biological Resources Study Flora of Australia online
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23022. Accessed 17 September 2019.