Taxon: Malus baccata (L.) Borkh.

 
Genus: Malus
Section: Gymnomeles
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 23219
Place of publication: Theor. prakt. Handb. Forstbot. 2:1280. 1803
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 16-Jun-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Jun-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN)
Accessions: 77 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • Siberian crab  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • bärapel  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • shan jing zi  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • yagwangnamu  (Source: Genet Res Crop Evol) - Transcribed Korean
  • jablonja jagodnaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian
  • jablonja sibirskaja  (Source: Mansf Ency) - Transliterated Russian

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (for M. pumila & M. asiatica fide F ChinaEng)
  • Gene sources: disease resistance for apple (source of resistance to apple scab fide Euphytica 118:282. 2001)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apple (fide Breed Pl Tree Crops 39. 2009)
  • Gene sources: potential for cold tolerance in apple (F1 hybrids derived of crosses with Malus domestica fide Euphytica 14:179. 1965)
  • Gene sources: secondary genetic relative of apple (based on crosses with Malus domestica fide Euphytica 14:179. 1965)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia [Eastern Siberia (s.)]
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye]
    • CHINA: China [Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Monggol, Shaanxi, Shandong, Shanxi, Xinjiang, Xizang (s.e.)]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India (n.), Nepal


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  4. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  5. Cornille, A. et al. 2012. New insight into the history of domesticated apple: Secondary contribution of the European wild apple to the genome of cultivated varieties PLoS Genet. 8(5): e1002703. DOI:10.1371/journal.pgen.1002703
  6. Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  7. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  8. Hancock, J. F. et al. 2008. Chapter 1. Apples (Temp Fruit Cr Breed) 1-37.
  9. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  10. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  11. Hoang, H.-D. et al. 1997. Additional notes to the checklist of Korean cultivated plants (5). Consolidated summary and indexes Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 44:365.
  12. Hokanson, S. C. et al. 2001. Microsatellite (SSR) variation in a collection of Malus (apple) species and hybrids (Euphytica) 118:281-294.
  13. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  15. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  16. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  17. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  18. Likhonos, F. D. 1974. A survey of the species in the genus Malus Mill. Trudy Prikl. Bot. 52(3):27.
  19. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:107.
  20. Oraguzie, N. C. et al. 2005. DNA fingerprinting of apple (Malus spp.) rootstocks using simple sequence repeats Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:197-202.
  21. Pemberton, R. W. & N. S. Lee 1996. Wild food plants in South Korea; market presence, new crops, and exports to the United States Econ. Bot. 50:60.
  22. Pereira-Lorenzo, S. et al. 2009. Breeding apple (Malus × domestica) (Breed Pl Tree Crops) 33-81.
  23. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  24. Ponomarenko, V. V. 1978. On the systematics of Malus baccata (L.) Borkh. Trudy Prikl. Bot. 62(3):24-35.
  25. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  26. Velasco, R. et al. 2010. The genome of the domesticated apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) Nat. Genet. 42:833-841.
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  28. Zhou, Z.-Q. 1999. The apple genetic resources in China: the wild species and their distributions, informative characterists and utilisation Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 46:603.
  29. Zhukovsky, P. M. 1965. Main gene centres of cultivated plants and their wild relatives within the territory of thw U.S.S.R. (Euphytica) 14:177-188.

Check other web resources for Malus baccata (L.) Borkh. :

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23219. Accessed 24 April 2018.