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Taxon: Malus pumila Mill.

 
Genus: Malus
Section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 23261
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Malus no. 3. 1768
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Malus pumila auct. (= M. domestica Borkh.)
Name Verified on: 12-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 27-Aug-2008
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN)
Accessions: 61 (15 active, 26 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part (s.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource) (Mid Atl Invasive Pl)
  2. Applequist, W. L. 2014. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 66 (Taxon) 63:1359.
  3. Bell, R. L. & J. M. Leitão 2011. Chapter 1. Cydonia (Wild Crop Rel Tem Fr) 7.
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  5. Chauvet, M. 2008. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  6. Duneman, F. et al. 1994. Genetic relationships in Malus evaluated by RAPD 'fingerprinting' of cultivars and wild species Pl. Breed. (New York) 113:150-159.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  8. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  9. Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis Russian J. Genet. 38:1357-1369.
  10. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  11. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  12. Krüssmann, G. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976). 1984 (Krussmann)
  13. Mabberley, D. J. et al. 2001. The name of the apple (Telopea) 9:421-430.
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  16. Oraguzie, N. C. et al. 2005. DNA fingerprinting of apple (Malus spp.) rootstocks using simple sequence repeats Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:197-202.
  17. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  18. Ponomarenko, V. V. 1975. What is Malus pumila Mill.? Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 60:1574-86.
  19. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  20. Qian, G.-Z. et al. 2010. (1933) Proposal to conserve the name Malus domestica against M. pumila, M. communis, M. frutescens, and Pyrus dioica (Rosaceae) (Taxon) 59:650-652.
  21. Sauer, J. D. Historical geography of crop plants. (Hist Geogr Crop Pl) 110.
  22. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  23. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Malus pumila Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23261. Accessed 18 November 2018.