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Taxon: Malus pumila Mill.

 
Genus: Malus
Section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 23261
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Malus no. 3. 1768
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Malus pumila auct. (= M. domestica Borkh.)
Name Verified on: 12-Oct-1999 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 61 (15 active, 12 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part (s.)]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Applequist, W. L. 2014. Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 66. Taxon 63:1359. Note: proposal not recommended
  2. Bell, R. L. & J. M. Leitão. 2011. Chapter 1. Cydonia. Wild crop relatives: genomic and breeding resources, temperate fruits 7. Note: cites Malus pumila as a progenitor of "× Cydomalus" (= × Cydolus), a hybrid derived from crosses with Cydonia oblonga using embryo rescue
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Chauvet, M. 2008. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  5. Duneman, F. et al. 1994. Genetic relationships in Malus evaluated by RAPD 'fingerprinting' of cultivars and wild species. Pl. Breed. (New York) 113:150-159. Note: this study used two samples of Malus pumila; it found support for considering this species one of the ancestors of domesticated apple
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis. Russian J. Genet. 38:1357-1369. Note: as Malus niedwetzkyana Dieck
  9. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  10. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland.
  11. Krüssmann, G. 1984. Manual of cultivated broad-leaved trees and shrubs (English translation of Handbuch der Laubgehölze. 1976)
  12. Mabberley, D. J. et al. 2001. The name of the apple. Telopea 9:421-430. Note: uses for name of domesticated apple
  13. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  14. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  15. Oraguzie, N. C. et al. 2005. DNA fingerprinting of apple (Malus spp.) rootstocks using simple sequence repeats. Pl. Breed. (New York) 124:197-202.
  16. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  17. Ponomarenko, V. V. 1975. What is Malus pumila Mill.?. Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 60:1574-86. Note: Malus pumila doesn't conform to wild type
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Qian, G.-Z. et al. 2010. (1933) Proposal to conserve the name Malus domestica against M. pumila, M. communis, M. frutescens, and Pyrus dioica (Rosaceae). Taxon 59:650-652.
  20. Sauer, J. D. 1993. Historical geography of crop plants. 110. Note: CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
  21. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  22. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition). Note: uses for name of domesticated apple
  23. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Malus pumila Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23261. Accessed 7 December 2019.