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Taxon: Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem.

Genus: Malus
Section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 23275
Place of publication: Fam. nat. syn. monogr. 3:216. 1847
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 13-Jun-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Jun-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN)
Accessions: 3061 (1779 active, 862 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

  • xin jiang ye ping guo  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Distributional Range:


    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.e.), Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang (w.)]


  1. Büttner, R. et al. 2004. Gene banks for the preservation of wild apple genetic resources J. Fruit Ornam. Pl. Res. 12:99-105.
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  3. Coart, E. et al. 2006. Chloroplast diversity in the genus Malus:new insights into the relationship between the European wild apple (Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.) and the domesticated apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) Molec. Ecol. 15:2171-2182.
  4. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  5. Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis Russian J. Genet. 38:1150-1160.
  6. Gharghani, A. et al. 2009. Genetic identity and relationships of Iranian apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) cultivars and landraces, wild Malus species and representative old apple cultivars based on simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 56:829-842.
  7. Gross, B. L. et al. 2012. Identification of interspecific hybrids among domesticated apple and its wild relatives Tree Genet. Genomes 8:1223-1235.
  8. Johnson, E. 2015. Malus sieversii from USDA … a Widespread Malus data compilation (web document)
  9. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  10. Likhonos, F. D. 1974. A survey of the species in the genus Malus Mill. Trudy Prikl. Bot. 52:23.
  11. Nikiforova, S. V. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic analysis of 47 chloroplast genomes clarifies the contribution of wild species to the domesticated apple maternal line Molec. Biol. Evol. 30:1751-1760.
  12. Ponomarenko, V. V. 1977. On the specific composition of wild growing apple trees in the USSR and centers of their genetic diversity Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 62(6):826.
  13. Ponomarenko, V. V. 1979. A note on Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem. (Rosaceae) Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 64(7):1047-1050.
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  15. Richards, C. M. et al. 2009. Genetic diversity and population structure in Malus sieversii, a wild progenitor species of domesticated apple Tree Genet. Genomes 5:339-347.
  16. Sauer, J. D. Historical geography of crop plants. (Hist Geogr Crop Pl) 110.
  17. Wagner, I. et al. 2000. Isozymes in Malus sylvestris, Malus domestica an in related Malus species Acta Hort. 538:51-56.
  18. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  19. Zhou, Z.-Q. 1999. The apple genetic resources in China: the wild species and their distributions, informative characterists and utilisation Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 46:605.

Check other web resources for Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23275. Accessed 22 March 2019.