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Taxon: Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem.

Genus: Malus
Section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 23275
Place of publication: Fam. nat. syn. monogr. 3:216. 1847
Link to protologue:
Comment: valid publication verified from original literature
Name Verified on: 13-Jun-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 3062 (1775 active, 861 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Common names:

  • xin jiang ye ping guo  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Distributional Range:


    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan (s.e.), Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
    • CHINA: China [Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (w.)]


  1. Büttner, R. et al. 2004. Gene banks for the preservation of wild apple genetic resources. J. Fruit Ornam. Pl. Res. 12:99-105.
  2. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  3. Coart, E. et al. 2006. Chloroplast diversity in the genus Malus:new insights into the relationship between the European wild apple (Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.) and the domesticated apple (Malus domestica Borkh.). Molec. Ecol. 15:2171-2182. Note: see Nikiforova et al. 2013 for clarifying sequences used in this study
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  5. Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis. Russian J. Genet. 38:1150-1160. Note: this study found a close affinity of Malus sieversii to cultivated apple
  6. Gharghani, A. et al. 2009. Genetic identity and relationships of Iranian apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) cultivars and landraces, wild Malus species and representative old apple cultivars based on simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 56:829-842.
  7. Gross, B. L. et al. 2012. Identification of interspecific hybrids among domesticated apple and its wild relatives. Tree Genet. Genomes 8:1223-1235.
  8. Johnson, E. 2015. Malus sieversii from USDA … a Widespread Malus data compilation. (on-line resource). URL: https://www.widespreadmalus.com/ target='_blank'
  9. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  10. Likhonos, F. D. 1974. A survey of the species in the genus Malus Mill.. Trudy Prikl. Bot. 52:23.
  11. Nikiforova, S. V. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic analysis of 47 chloroplast genomes clarifies the contribution of wild species to the domesticated apple maternal line. Molec. Biol. Evol. 30:1751-1760.
  12. Ponomarenko, V. V. 1977. On the specific composition of wild growing apple trees in the USSR and centers of their genetic diversity. Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 62(6):826.
  13. Ponomarenko, V. V. 1979. A note on Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem. (Rosaceae). Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 64(7):1047-1050.
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  15. Richards, C. M. et al. 2009. Genetic diversity and population structure in Malus sieversii, a wild progenitor species of domesticated apple. Tree Genet. Genomes 5:339-347. URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/48741v0122104gu1/fulltext.pdf target='_blank'
  16. Sauer, J. D. 1993. Historical geography of crop plants. 110. Note: CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
  17. Volk, G. M. et al. 2013. Malus sieversii: a diverse Central Asian apple species in the USDA-ARS National Plant Germplasm System. HortScience 48:1440-1444.
  18. Wagner, I. et al. 2000. Isozymes in Malus sylvestris, Malus domestica an in related Malus species. Acta Hort. 538:51-56.
  19. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  20. Zhou, Z.-Q. 1999. The apple genetic resources in China: the wild species and their distributions, informative characterists and utilisation. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 46:605.

Check other web resources for Malus sieversii (Ledeb.) M. Roem. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23275. Accessed 14 August 2020.