Taxon: Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.

 
Genus: Malus
Section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 23279
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Malus no. 1. 1768
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Malus sylvestris auct. (= M. domestica Borkh.)
Typification:
Name Verified on: 01-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Jul-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN)
Accessions: 91 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apple ()
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of apple (fide J. Sauer, Historical geography of crop plants 110. 1993)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (w.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  2. Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  3. Coart, E. et al. 2006. Chloroplast diversity in the genus Malus:new insights into the relationship between the European wild apple (Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.) and the domesticated apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) Molec. Ecol. 15:2171-2182.
  4. Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis Russian J. Genet. 38:1150-1160.
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  12. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR) 9:359.
  15. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  17. Likhonos, F. D. 1974. A survey of the species in the genus Malus Mill. Trudy Prikl. Bot. 52(3):20.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  20. Nikiforova, S. V. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic analysis of 47 chloroplast genomes clarifies the contribution of wild species to the domesticated apple maternal line Molec. Biol. Evol. 30:1751-1760.
  21. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  22. Ponomarenko, V. V. 1977. On the specific composition of wild growing apple trees in the USSR and centers of their genetic diversity Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 62(6):823.
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  24. Sauer, J. D. Historical geography of crop plants. (Hist Geogr Crop Pl) 110.
  25. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  26. Zhou, Z.-Q. & Y. N. Li 2000. The RAPD evidence for the phylogenetic relationship of the closely related species of cultivated apple Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 47:353-357.

Check other web resources for Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23279. Accessed 19 June 2018.