Taxon: Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.

 
Genus: Malus
    Section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae
  Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
      Tribe: Maleae
        Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 23279
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Malus no. 1. 1768
Comment: non Malus sylvestris auct. (= M. domestica Borkh.)
Name Verified on: 01-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 01-Jul-2011
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Geneva (GEN)
Accessions: 2250 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Econ Pl Aust)
  • Gene sources: graft stock relative for apple (fide F Eur)
  • Gene sources: primary genetic relative of apple (fide J. Sauer, Historical geography of crop plants 110. 1993)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Rep NCEPPC)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania; Moldova; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Ireland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Macedonia; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Cultivated:

    . also cult.

References:

  • Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). (AgroAtlas)
  • Campbell, F. T., ed. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils. 1995 (unpublished draft) (Rep NCEPPC)
  • Coart, E. et al. 2006. Chloroplast diversity in the genus Malus:new insights into the relationship between the European wild apple (Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.) and the domesticated apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) Molec. Ecol. 15:2171-2182.
  • Czerepanov, S. K. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR). 1995 (L USSR)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage. 2002 (Zander ed17)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis Russian J. Genet. 38:1150-1160.
  • Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis Russian J. Genet. 38:1150-1160.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Janick, J. & J. Simon, eds. Advances in new crops. 1990 (Adv New Crops)
  • Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1994 (L US Can ed2)
  • Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. 1964 (Kingsbury)
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. 1934-1964 (F USSR)
  • Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. 1976 (Hortus 3)
  • Likhonos, F. D. 1974. A survey of the species in the genus Malus Mill. Trudy Prikl. Bot. 52(3):20.
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Moerman, D. Native American ethnobotany, ed. 5. 1998 (Nat Amer Ethnobot)
  • Nikiforova, S. V. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic analysis of 47 chloroplast genomes clarifies the contribution of wild species to the domesticated apple maternal line Molec. Biol. Evol. 30:1751-1760.
  • Nikiforova, S. V. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic analysis of 47 chloroplast genomes clarifies the contribution of wild species to the domesticated apple maternal line Molec. Biol. Evol. 30:1751-1760.
  • Ponomarenko, V. V. 1977. On the specific composition of wild growing apple trees in the USSR and centers of their genetic diversity Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 62(6):823.
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Sauer, J. D. Historical geography of crop plants. 1993 (Hist Geogr Crop Pl) 110.
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Zhou, Z.-Q. & Y. N. Li 2000. The RAPD evidence for the phylogenetic relationship of the closely related species of cultivated apple Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 47:353-357.
  • Zhou, Z.-Q. & Y. N. Li 2000. The RAPD evidence for the phylogenetic relationship of the closely related species of cultivated apple Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 47:353-357.

Check other web resources for Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image