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Taxon: Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.

 
Genus: Malus
Section: Malus
Family: Rosaceae
Subfamily: Amygdaloideae
Tribe: Maleae
Subtribe: Malinae
Nomen number: 23279
Place of publication: Gard. dict. ed. 8: Malus no. 1. 1768
Link to protologue:
Comment: non Malus sylvestris auct. (= M. domestica Borkh.)
Name Verified on: 01-Jul-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 2250 (91 active, 57 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Medicines:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (w.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy (incl. Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (also cult.)

References:

  1. Afonin, A. N., S. L. Greene, N. I. Dzyubenko, & A. N. Frolov, eds. Interactive agricultural ecological atlas of Russia and neighboring countries. Economic plants and their diseases, pests and weeds (on-line resource). URL: http://www.agroatlas.ru/en/content/related/Malus_sylvestris/ target='_blank'
  2. Campbell, F. T., ed. 1995. Report of National Coalition of Exotic Plant Pest Councils (unpublished draft)
  3. Coart, E. et al. 2006. Chloroplast diversity in the genus Malus:new insights into the relationship between the European wild apple (Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill.) and the domesticated apple (Malus domestica Borkh.). Molec. Ecol. 15:2171-2182. Note: see Nikiforova et al. 2013 for clarifying sequences used in this study
  4. Czerepanov, S. K. 1995. Vascular plants of Russia and adjacent states (the former USSR) Cambridge University Press.
  5. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2002. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 17. Auflage
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants Kampong Publications.
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Malus+sylvestris&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Forte, A. V. et al. 2002. Phylogeny of the Malus (apple tree) species, inferred from the morphological traits and molecular DNA analysis. Russian J. Genet. 38:1150-1160. Note: translated from Genetika
  11. Hanelt, P., ed. 2001. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6
  12. Kartesz, J. T. 1994. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. Note: lists as Malus sylvestris Mill.
  13. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada.
  14. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR. 9:359. Note: lists as "silvestris"
  15. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  16. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as Malus sylvestris Mill.
  17. Likhonos, F. D. 1974. A survey of the species in the genus Malus Mill.. Trudy Prikl. Bot. 52(3):20.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  20. Nikiforova, S. V. et al. 2013. Phylogenetic analysis of 47 chloroplast genomes clarifies the contribution of wild species to the domesticated apple maternal line. Molec. Biol. Evol. 30:1751-1760.
  21. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  22. Ponomarenko, V. V. 1977. On the specific composition of wild growing apple trees in the USSR and centers of their genetic diversity. Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 62(6):823.
  23. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  24. Reim, S. et al. 2012. Diversity of the European indigenous wild apple Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. in the East Ore mountains (Osterzgebirge), Germany: I. Morphological characterization. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 59:1101-1114.
  25. Sauer, J. D. 1993. Historical geography of crop plants. 110. Note: CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
  26. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  27. Zhou, Z.-Q. & Y. N. Li. 2000. The RAPD evidence for the phylogenetic relationship of the closely related species of cultivated apple. Genet. Resources Crop Evol. 47:353-357.

Check other web resources for Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23279. Accessed 21 August 2019.