Jump to: SynonymsCommon NamesEconomic ImportanceDistributional RangeReferencesOther Web References

Taxon: Matricaria chamomilla L.

 
Genus: Matricaria
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Subtribe: Matricariinae
Nomen number: 23475
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:891. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: sensu typo, non Matricaria chamomilla sensu L. 1753, = Tripleurospermum maritimum subsp. inodorum (L.) Appleq.), altered by Linnaeus in 1755 and adopted in his new sense, as it is now typified, by later authors
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 15-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 4 (3 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn, as Matricaria recutita; Pl Res SEAs 16:86. 2000, as Matricaria recutita)
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Social:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (as Matricaria recutita)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq (n.), Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Hebei Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Liaoning Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Latvia


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [South Australia]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Lithuania

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Dominican Republic
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, [Caazapá] Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Applequist, W. L. 2002. A reassessment of the nomenclature of Matricaria L. and Tripleurospermum Sch Bip. (Asteraceae). Taxon 51:757-761.
  4. Bellenot, D. 2010. pers. comm. via e-mail on 2 Dec Note: re. French common names
  5. Conrad, L. R. 2008. pers. comm. Note: re. common names
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  8. Farr, E. R. et al., eds. 1979, 1986. Index nomina genericorum Note: suppl.
  9. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist. 1963. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada.
  11. Greuter, W. 1976. The flora of Psara (E. Aegean Islands, Greece) - an annotated catalogue. Candollea 31:227.
  12. Grierson, A. J. C. in P. H. Davis. 1974. Materials for a flora of Turkey: 30. Compositae, 1. Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33:252-254.
  13. Hansen, H. V. & K. I. Christensen. 2009. The common chamomile and the scentless mayweed revisited. Taxon 58:261-264.
  14. Jeffrey, C. 1979. Note on the lectotypification of the names Cacalia, Matricaria L. and Gnaphalium L.. Taxon 28:350.
  15. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  16. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2 Note: = Matricaria recutita L.
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  18. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association). 1986. Flora of the Great Plains.
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland. Note: = Matricaria recutita L.
  20. Mouterde, P. 1966-. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie.
  21. Pajaujis Anonis, D. 1993. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery.
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  23. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. 1980-. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States.
  24. Rauschert, S. 1974. Nomenklatorische Probleme in der Gattung Matricaria L.. Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 9:255. Note: = Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert
  25. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants Note: = Matricaria recutita L.
  26. Scoggan, H. J. 1978-1979. The flora of Canada, 4 vol.
  27. Stace, C. 1995. New flora of the British Isles. Note: = Matricaria recutita L.
  28. Steyermark, J. A. 1977. Flora of Missouri.
  29. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea. Note: = Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  31. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan. 1966-. Flora palaestina.

Check other web resources for Matricaria chamomilla L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23475. Accessed 21 November 2019.