Taxon: Matricaria chamomilla L.

 
Genus: Matricaria
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
  Subfamily: Asteroideae
      Tribe: Anthemideae
        Subtribe: Matricariinae
Nomen number: 23475
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:891. 1753
Comment: sensu typo, non Matricaria chamomilla sensu L. 1753, = Tripleurospermum maritimum subsp. inodorum (L.) Appleq.), altered by Linnaeus in 1755 and adopted in his new sense, as it is now typified, by later authors
Name Verified on: 15-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn, as M. recutita; Pl Res SEAs 16:86. 2000, as M. recutita)
  • Human food: beverage base (for herbal tea fide Ency CNatIn, as M. recutita; Herbal Drugs, as M. recutita; Pl Res SEAs 16:86. 2000, as M. recutita)
  • Materials: essential oils (for use in cosmetics fide Ency CNatIn, as M. recutita)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2, as M. recutita; Herbs Commerce ed2, as M. recutita; Herbal Drugs, as M. recutita; F USSR, as M. recutita; Pl Res SEAs 16:86. 2000, as M. recutita)
  • Social: stimulant (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:86. 2000, as M. recutita)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Lewis, Econ Bot 46:426. 1992, as M. recutita)

Distributional Range:

    Native:

  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan; Georgia; Russian Federation - Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia - Ciscaucasia
    • China: China - Anhui, - Hebei, - Jiangsu, - Liaoning, - Shandong, - Shaanxi, - Sichuan, - Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan; Kyrgyzstan; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia - Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia - Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan; Cyprus; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Lebanon; Syria; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India - Himachal Pradesh, - Jammu and Kashmir, - Punjab, - Uttar Pradesh
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus; Russian Federation-European part - European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria; Belgium; Czech Republic; Germany; Hungary; Netherlands; Poland; Slovakia; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark; Finland; Norway; Sweden; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Croatia; Greece; Italy; Montenegro; Romania; Serbia; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France; Portugal; Spain

  • Naturalized:

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal - Azores; Spain - Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria; Egypt
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia - South Australia
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia; Lithuania
    • Middle Europe: Poland
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada - Newfoundland, - Nova Scotia, - Ontario, - Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States - Illinois, - Iowa, - Kansas, - Minnesota, - Missouri, - North Dakota, - Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States - Connecticut, - Indiana, - Maine, - Massachusetts, - Michigan, - New Jersey, - New York, - Ohio, - Pennsylvania, - Rhode Island, - Vermont
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico - Chihuahua, - Coahuila, - San Luis Potosi, - Sinaloa, - Zacatecas
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States - Oregon, - Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States - Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States - Alabama, - Arkansas, - Kentucky, - Maryland, - Mississippi, - Tennessee, - Virginia, - District of Columbia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico - Chiapas, - Hidalgo, - Jalisco, - Mexico, - Michoacan, - Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States - Arizona, - California, - Utah
    • Subarctic America: Greenland
    • Western Canada: Canada - Alberta, - British Columbia, - Manitoba, - Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Dominican Republic
    • Central America: Guatemala
    • Southern South America: Argentina; Chile; Paraguay - Caazapa; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Peru

  • Cultivated:

    . widely cult.

    Adventive:

  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Latvia
    • Northern Europe: Ireland

References:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Applequist, W. L. 2002. A reassessment of the nomenclature of Matricaria L. and Tripleurospermum Sch Bip. (Asteraceae) (Taxon) 51:757-761.
  • Bellenot, D. 2010. pers. comm. (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 2 Dec
  • Conrad, L. R. 2008. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. 1965-1988 (F Turk)
  • Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  • Farr, E. R. et al., eds. Index nomina genericorum. 1979; suppl. 1986 (ING)
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. 1993- (F NAmer)
  • Foster, S. & J. A. Duke A field guide to medicinal plants: Eastern/Central North America, 2nd ed. 2000 (EastC Med Pl)
  • Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 1963 (Glea Cron)
  • Grellin, J. K. & J. Philpott A reference guide to medicinal plants. 1990 (RefGuide MedPl)
  • Greuter, W. 1976. The flora of Psara (E. Aegean Islands, Greece) - an annotated catalogue (Candollea) 31:227.
  • Grierson, A. J. C. in P. H. Davis 1974. Materials for a flora of Turkey: 30. Compositae, 1 Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33:252-254.
  • Hansen, H. V. & K. I. Christensen 2009. The common chamomile and the scentless mayweed revisited (Taxon) 58:261-264.
  • Jeffrey, C. 1979. Note on the lectotypification of the names Cacalia, Matricaria L. and Gnaphalium L. (Taxon) 28:350.
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. 1997 (F Korea)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. 1986 (F GPlains)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. 1966- (F Liban)
  • Pajaujis Anonis, D. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. 1993 (Flower Oils)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. 1980- (F SE US)
  • Rauschert, S. 1974. Nomenklatorische Probleme in der Gattung Matricaria L. Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 9:255.
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rostliny, L. Katalog Léçivých Rostlin & Malý Herbář Léçivých Rostlin. 1984-1985 (Kat Lev Ros)
  • Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. 1978-1979 (F Canada)
  • Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. 1995 (F BritStace)
  • Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. 1977 (F Missouri)
  • Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. 1964-1980 (F Eur)
  • Wiersema, J. H. & B. León World economic plants: a standard reference (on-line edition) [medicinal plants only]. (World Econ Pl Med)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). 1994- (F ChinaEng)
  • Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. 1966- (F Palest)

Synonyms:

Check other web resources for Matricaria chamomilla L. :