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Taxon: Matricaria chamomilla L.

 
Genus: Matricaria
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Subtribe: Matricariinae
Nomen number: 23475
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:891. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: sensu typo, non Matricaria chamomilla sensu L. 1753, = Tripleurospermum maritimum subsp. inodorum (L.) Appleq.), altered by Linnaeus in 1755 and adopted in his new sense, as it is now typified, by later authors
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 15-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 4 (3 active, 2 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn, as M. recutita; Pl Res SEAs 16:86. 2000, as M. recutita)
  • Human food:
  • Materials:
  • Medicines:
  • Social:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (as Matricaria recutita)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Morocco

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq (n.), Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]
    • SIBERIA: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia, [Eastern Siberia] Russian Federation-Western Siberia [Western Siberia]
    • MIDDLE ASIA: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan
    • MONGOLIA: Mongolia
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Hebei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Xinjiang]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India [Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh]

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Russian Federation-European part, [European part] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Adventive

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Ireland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Latvia


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [South Australia]

    Europe
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Poland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Estonia, Lithuania

    Northern America
    • SUBARCTIC AMERICA: Greenland
    • EASTERN CANADA: Canada [Quebec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Newfoundland]
    • WESTERN CANADA: Canada [Saskatchewan, Alberta, Manitoba, British Columbia]
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Wisconsin]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, Tennessee, Virginia, District of Columbia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chiapas, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Veracruz]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Dominican Republic
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, [Caazapa] Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Applequist, W. L. 2002. A reassessment of the nomenclature of Matricaria L. and Tripleurospermum Sch Bip. (Asteraceae) (Taxon) 51:757-761.
  4. Bellenot, D. 2010. pers. comm. (pers. comm.) via e-mail on 2 Dec
  5. Conrad, L. R. 2008. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  8. Farr, E. R. et al., eds. Index nomina genericorum. 1979; suppl. 1986 (ING)
  9. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  10. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  11. Greuter, W. 1976. The flora of Psara (E. Aegean Islands, Greece) - an annotated catalogue (Candollea) 31:227.
  12. Grierson, A. J. C. in P. H. Davis 1974. Materials for a flora of Turkey: 30. Compositae, 1 Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 33:252-254.
  13. Hansen, H. V. & K. I. Christensen 2009. The common chamomile and the scentless mayweed revisited (Taxon) 58:261-264.
  14. Jeffrey, C. 1979. Note on the lectotypification of the names Cacalia, Matricaria L. and Gnaphalium L. (Taxon) 28:350.
  15. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  16. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  17. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  18. McGregor, R. L. et al. (The Great Plains Flora Association) Flora of the Great Plains. (F GPlains)
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  20. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  21. Pajaujis Anonis, D. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery. (Flower Oils)
  22. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  23. Radford, A. E. et al., eds. Vascular flora of the southeastern United States. (F SE US)
  24. Rauschert, S. 1974. Nomenklatorische Probleme in der Gattung Matricaria L. Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 9:255.
  25. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  26. Scoggan, H. J. The flora of Canada, 4 vol. (F Canada)
  27. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  28. Steyermark, J. A. Flora of Missouri. (F Missouri)
  29. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea. (F Eur)
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  31. Zohary, M. & N. Feinbrun-Dothan Flora palaestina. (F Palest)

Check other web resources for Matricaria chamomilla L. :


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23475. Accessed 21 October 2018.