Taxon: Matricaria chamomilla L.

Genus: Matricaria
Family: Asteraceae (alt.Compositae)
Subfamily: Asteroideae
Tribe: Anthemideae
Subtribe: Matricariinae
Nomen number: 23475
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:891. 1753
Link to protologue:
Comment: sensu typo, non Matricaria chamomilla sensu L. 1753, = Tripleurospermum maritimum subsp. inodorum (L.) Appleq.), altered by Linnaeus in 1755 and adopted in his new sense, as it is now typified, by later authors
Name Verified on: 15-Mar-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 16-Mar-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 3 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Ency CNatIn, as M. recutita; Pl Res SEAs 16:86. 2000, as M. recutita)
  • Human food: beverage base (for herbal tea fide Ency CNatIn, as M. recutita; Herbal Drugs, as M. recutita; Pl Res SEAs 16:86. 2000, as M. recutita)
  • Materials: essential oils (for use in cosmetics fide Ency CNatIn, as M. recutita)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2, as M. recutita; Herbs Commerce ed2, as M. recutita; Herbal Drugs, as M. recutita; F USSR, as M. recutita; Pl Res SEAs 16:86. 2000, as M. recutita)
  • Social: stimulant (fide Pl Res SEAs 16:86. 2000, as M. recutita)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Lewis, Econ Bot 46:426. 1992, as M. recutita)

Distributional Range:


  • Africa

    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Morocco
  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan ; Georgia ; Russian Federation Dagestan; Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia Ciscaucasia
    • China: China Anhui, Hebei, Jiangsu, Liaoning, Shandong, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Xinjiang
    • Middle Asia: Kazakhstan ; Kyrgyzstan ; Uzbekistan
    • Mongolia: Mongolia
    • Siberia: Russian Federation-Eastern Siberia Eastern Siberia; Russian Federation-Western Siberia Western Siberia
    • Western Asia: Afghanistan ; Cyprus ; Iran ; Iraq ; Israel ; Lebanon ; Syria ; Turkey
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Belarus ; Russian Federation-European part European part; Ukraine
    • Middle Europe: Austria ; Belgium ; Czech Republic ; Germany ; Hungary ; Netherlands ; Poland ; Slovakia ; Switzerland
    • Northern Europe: Denmark ; Finland ; Norway ; Sweden ; United Kingdom
    • Southeastern Europe: Albania ; Bosnia and Herzegovina ; Bulgaria ; Croatia ; Greece ; Italy ; Montenegro ; Romania ; Serbia ; Slovenia
    • Southwestern Europe: France ; Portugal ; Spain

  • Naturalized

  • Africa

    • Macaronesia: Portugal Azores; Spain Canary Islands
    • Northern Africa: Algeria ; Egypt
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia South Australia
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Estonia ; Lithuania
    • Middle Europe: Poland
  • Northern America

    • Eastern Canada: Canada Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec
    • North-Central U.S.A.: United States Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Wisconsin
    • Northeastern U.S.A.: United States Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont
    • Northern Mexico: Mexico Chihuahua, Coahuila, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Zacatecas
    • Northwestern U.S.A.: United States Oregon, Washington
    • South-Central U.S.A.: United States Texas
    • Southeastern U.S.A.: United States Alabama, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, Tennessee, Virginia
    • Southern Mexico: Mexico Chiapas, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Veracruz
    • Southwestern U.S.A.: United States Arizona, California, Utah
    • Subarctic America: Greenland
    • Western Canada: Canada Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Saskatchewan
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Dominican Republic
    • Central America: Guatemala
    • Southern South America: Argentina ; Chile ; Paraguay Caazapa; Uruguay
    • Western South America: Peru

  • Cultivated


  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Latvia
    • Northern Europe: Ireland


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Check other web resources for Matricaria chamomilla L. :