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Taxon: Melia azedarach L.

 
Genus: Melia
Family: Meliaceae
Nomen number: 23936
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:384. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358403
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 12-Jan-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 16 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials: wood (for the manufacture of fiber boards)
  • Medicines: folklore; folklore (as Melia toosendan)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals; mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng (tropical), Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hebei Sheng (s.), Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Gansu Sheng (s.), Jiangxi Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Guangdong Sheng, Guizhou Sheng, Shanxi Sheng (s.), Shandong Sheng, Shaanxi Sheng (s.), Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Xizang Zizhiqu (s.e.), Hainan Sheng]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Papua Barat] Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Lesser Sunda Islands] Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (e.), Queensland, Western Australia (n.), Northern Territory (n.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku]

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Solomon Islands

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Italy (incl. Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Palau, United States [Northern Mariana Islands]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala, Nicaragua
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, [Galápagos] Ecuador, [Galápagos] Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong. 2012. Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  3. Balick, M. J. et al. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85
  4. Boutelje, J. B. 1980. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature
  5. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  6. Chen Fenghwai & Wu Telin. 1991-. Flora of Guangdong. Note: = Melia toosendan
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  10. Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 11:187-190.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Melia+azedarach&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  12. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  13. Funk, V. et al. 2007. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584.
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  15. Henderson, L. 2001. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12
  16. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  17. Hokche, O. et al. 2008. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezuela.
  18. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry. Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource).
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion. 2008. Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares.
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  21. Iwatsuki, K. et al. 1993-. Flora of Japan.
  22. Jiangsu Institute of Botany. 1982. Flora of Jiangsu. Note: = Melia toosendan
  23. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75
  24. Kellerman, T. S. et al. 1988. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa
  25. Kingsbury, J. M. 1964. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. Note: poisonous
  26. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann. 1985. AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants Note: poisonous
  27. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  29. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:110.
  30. Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.).
  31. Pennington, T. D. 1981. Meliaceae. Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 28:24.
  32. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  33. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  34. Sivaraj, I. et al. 2018. Species delimitation of Melia dubia Cav. from Melia azedarach L. complex based on DNA barcoding. Botany 96:329-336.
  35. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_41.html target='_blank'
  36. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  37. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  38. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  39. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  40. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  41. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Melia azedarach L. :

  • PLANTS: USDA-NRCS Database of Plants of the United States and its Territories
  • BONAP North American Plant Atlas of the Biota of North America Program:
  • Flora del Conosur: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Conosur
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23936. Accessed 22 August 2019.