Taxon: Melia azedarach L.

 
Genus: Melia
Family: Meliaceae
Nomen number: 23936
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:384. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358403
Typification:
Name Verified on: 12-Jan-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 08-May-2018
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Zander ed14; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_41.html,)
  • Materials: wood (for the manufacture of fiber boards)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Herbs Commerce, as M. toosendan; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Non-vertebrate poisons: potential for plant pest control ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China [Anhui (tropical), Zhejiang, Fujian, Henan, Hebei (s.), Hunan, Hubei, Gansu (s.), Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Guangdong, Guizhou, Shanxi (s.), Shandong, Shaanxi (s.), Sichuan, Yunnan, Guangxi, Xizang (s.e.), Hainan]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Indonesia, [Irian Jaya] Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
    • INDO-CHINA: Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Lesser Sunda Islands] Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [New South Wales (e.), Northern Territory (n.), Queensland, Western Australia (n.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Spain [Canary Islands]
    • Africa

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan [Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku]

    Asia-Tropical
    • PAPUASIA: Solomon Islands

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Croatia, Italy (incl. Sicily)
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France

    Northern America
    • Mexico, United States

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Northern Mariana Islands, Palau
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: Cook Islands, French Polynesia, Pitcairn
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji, Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Tonga

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: West Indies
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Guatemala, Nicaragua
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Ecuador, [Galapagos Islands] Ecuador, [Galapagos Islands] Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 98. 2012 (L West Indies)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Balick, M. J. et al. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize, with common names and uses. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85. 2000 (L Belize NY)
  4. Boutelje, J. B. Encyclopedia of world timbers, names and technical literature. 1980 (Ency WTimber)
  5. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  6. Chen Fenghwai & Wu Telin Flora of Guangdong. (F Guangdong)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. Faridah Hanum, I. & L. J. G. van der Maesen, eds. 1997. Auxiliary plants (Pl Res SEAs) 11:187-190.
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  13. Funk, V. et al. Checklist of the plants of the Guiana Shield (Venezuela: Amazonas, Bolivar, Delta Amacuro; Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana). Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 55:1-584. 2007 (L Guiana Shield)
  14. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  15. Henderson, L. Alien weeds and invasive plants: a complete guide to declared weeds and invaders in South Africa. Plant Protection Research Institute, Handbook 12. 2001 (Weeds SAfr 2001)
  16. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  17. Hokche, O. et al. Nuevo catálogo de la flora vascular de Venezola. (L Venez ed2)
  18. Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER): plant threats to Pacific ecosystems (on-line resource). (Pacif I Ecosyst Risk)
  19. Instituto de Botánica Darwinion Flora del Conosur. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares. (F ConoSur)
  20. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  21. Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  22. Jiangsu Institute of Botany Flora of Jiangsu. (F Jiangsu)
  23. Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez, eds. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75. 1999 (L Ecuador)
  24. Kellerman, T. S. et al. Plant poisonings and mycotoxicoses of livestock in Southern Africa. 1988 (Kellerman et al.)
  25. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  26. Lampe, K. F. & M. A. McCann AMA handbook of poisonous and injurious plants. 1985 (Lampe & McCann)
  27. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  29. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:110.
  30. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  31. Pennington, T. D. 1981. Meliaceae Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 28:24.
  32. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  33. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  34. Sivaraj, I. et al. 2018. Species delimitation of Melia dubia Cav. from Melia azedarach L. complex based on DNA barcoding (Botany) 96:329-336.
  35. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  36. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  37. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  38. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  39. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  40. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Melia azedarach L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=23936. Accessed 21 June 2018.