Taxon: Momordica charantia L.

 
Genus: Momordica
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Tribe: Momordiceae
Nomen number: 24520
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1009. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 28-May-2009 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 25-Jan-2011
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 23 in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (fide WorldWeeds 478. 1997)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (fide WorldWeeds 478. 1997)
  • Human food: vegetable (fruits eaten or pickled when young fide Biol Cucurb 329. 1990; Hamdard 38:93. 1995)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 12(1):357. 1999; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2; Hamdard 38:93. 1995)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Kingsbury; Lampe & McCann)
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant ()

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Cote D'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Madagascar

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland]

    Pacific
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: French Polynesia
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Fiji


    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Naturalized

    Northern America
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Florida, Louisiana]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Texas (s.e.)]
    • Mexico

    Pacific
    • NORTH-CENTRAL PACIFIC: United States [Hawaii]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Bahamas, Barbados, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, Puerto Rico, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (U.S.)
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Paraguay


References:

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Check other web resources for Momordica charantia L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=24520. Accessed 25 April 2018.