Taxon: Murraya exotica L.

Genus: Murraya
Family: Rutaceae
Subfamily: Aurantioideae
Tribe: Aurantieae
Subtribe: Merrilliinae
Nomen number: 24702
Place of publication: Mant. pl. 2:563. 1771 "Murraea"
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 28-Sep-2011 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Sep-2012
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 0 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (for citrus fide A. Beattie, pers. comm.)
  • Environmental: boundary/barrier/support (fide F Japan, as M. paniculata)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide F Ceylon)
  • Materials: wood (fide F Japan, as M. paniculata)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Pl Res SEAs 5(3):389. 1998)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, Guangxi, Hainan
    • Eastern Asia: Taiwan
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indo-China: Vietnam

  • Cultivated

  • Africa

    • East Tropical Africa: Kenya ; Tanzania
    • South Tropical Africa: Mozambique ; Zimbabwe
    • Southern Africa: South Africa
    • West Tropical Africa: Benin ; Nigeria
    • Western Indian Ocean: Madagascar ; Mauritius ; Reunion
  • Asia-Temperate

    • China: China
  • Northern America

    • Mexico
  • Pacific

    • Southwestern Pacific: Fiji
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Cuba


  • PROTABASE, the information base of PROTA (Plant Resources of Tropical Africa) (on-line resource). (PROTA4U)
  • Beattie, A. 2011. pers. comm. (pers. comm.) via e-mail to L. Fowler on 15 Sept 2011.
  • Chung, N. H. 2011. Circumscription of Murraya and Merrillia (Sapindales: Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) and susceptibility of species and forms to huanglongbing (Ph.D.) (University of Western Sydney) 254 pp.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Grierson, A. J. C. & D. J. Long Flora of Bhutan including a record of plants from Sikkim. (F Bhutan)
  • Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  • Huang, C. C. 1959. Preliminary study on Chinese Rutaceae (3) Acta Phytotax. Sin. 8:100.
  • Iwatsuki, K. et al. Flora of Japan. (F Japan)
  • Li, H. L. et al., eds. Flora of Taiwan. (F Taiwan)
  • Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  • Mabberley, D. J. 1998. Australian Citreae with notes on other Aurantioideae (Rutaceae) (Telopea) 7:342-343.
  • Merrill, E. D. An enumeration of Philippine flowering plants. (F Philipp)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Saldanha, C. J. & D. H. Nicolson Flora of Hassan district. (F Hassan)
  • Sharma, B. D. et al., eds. Flora of India. (F India)
  • Smith, A. C. Flora vitiensis nova. (F Viti)
  • Sosef, M. S. M. et al., eds. 1998. Timber trees: lesser-known timbers (Pl Res SEAs) 5(3):389-391.
  • Swingle, W. T. & P. C. Reece The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. (Bot Citrus)
  • Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


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