Taxon: Myristica fragrans Houtt.

Genus: Myristica
Family: Myristicaceae
Nomen number: 24855
Place of publication: Nat. hist. 2(3):333. 1774
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 18-Nov-2010 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 19-Sep-2017
Species priority site is: Natl. Germplasm Repository - Miami (MIA)
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (fide Pl Res SEAs 13:144. 1999, as source of both nutmeg from dried seeds and mace from dried arils)
  • Environmental: hemiparasite host (fide Pl Res SEAs 13:144. 1999, as substrate to grow mushrooms)
  • Human food: fruit (fide Cornucopia)
  • Materials: essential oils (fide Ency CNatIn)
  • Materials: gum/resin (fide Pl Res SEAs 13:144. 1999)
  • Materials: lipids (fide Pl Res SEAs 13:144. 1999)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Ency CNatIn; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals (fide Pl Res SEAs 13:144. 1999)
  • Social: hallucinogen (fide Pl Res SEAs 13:144. 1999, but over-consumption can be deadly)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Tropical

    • Malesia: Indonesia Moluccas

  • Cultivated

  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: India Kerala; Sri Lanka
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia
  • Southern America

    • Caribbean: Grenada


  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage. 1993 (Zander ed14)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Facciola, S. Cornucopia, a source book of edible plants. 1990 (Cornucopia)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Guzman, C. C. de & J. S. Siemonsma, eds. 1999. Spices (Pl Res SEAs) 13:143-148.
  • Hanelt, P., ed. Mansfeld's encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops. Volumes 1-6. 2001 (Mansf Ency)
  • Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  • Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  • Westphal, E. & P. C. M. Jansen, eds. 1989. A selection (Pl Res SEAs) A:192.


Check other web resources for Myristica fragrans Houtt. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image