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Taxon: Myrtus communis L.

 
Genus: Myrtus
Family: Myrtaceae
Subfamily: Myrtoideae
Tribe: Myrteae
Nomen number: 24898
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:471. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 30-Jan-2012 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 6 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental; ornamental
  • Materials: tannin/dyestuff; wood
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Eritrea, Ethiopia

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Former Yugoslavia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Malta
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: South Africa [Western Cape]


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Castroviejo, S. et al., eds. 1989-. Flora iberica: plantas vasculares de la Peninsula Iberica e Islas Baleares.
  3. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  4. Encke, F. et al. 1993. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 14. Auflage
  5. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Myrtus+communis&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  7. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14 Note: as Myrtus communis var. communis
  8. Govaerts, R. et al. 2008. World checklist of Myrtaceae
  9. Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984-. Med-Checklist.
  10. Hedberg, I. & S. Edwards. 1989-. Flora of Ethiopia Note: Eritrea added in 2000
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Mabberley, D. J. 1997. The plant-book: a portable dictionary of the vascular plants, ed. 2
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  14. Pajaujis Anonis, D. 1993. Flower oils and floral compounds in perfumery.
  15. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  16. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  17. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  18. Silva, L. et al. 2005. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta).
  19. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964-1980. Flora europaea.
  20. Walters, S. M. et al., eds. 1986-2000. European garden flora.
  21. Wood, J. R. I. 1997. A handbook of the Yemen flora.

Check other web resources for Myrtus communis L. :

  • Flora Europaea: Database of European Plants (ESFEDS)
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=24898. Accessed 22 November 2019.