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Taxon: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.

 
Genus: Nelumbo
Family: Nelumbonaceae
Nomen number: 25110
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 1:73, t. 19. fig. 2. 1788
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Jun-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 49 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • East Indian lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • lotusroot  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • Oriental lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • sacred lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • fève d'Egypte  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lotus indien  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lotus sacré  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • indische Lotosblume  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • indischer Lotus  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • padma  (Source: Dict Rehm) - India
  • lotus-do-Egito  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • flor-de-lotus  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lótus  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lótus-índico  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lótus-sagrado  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • loto sagrado  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • rosa del Nilo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • indisk lotus  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • lian  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • yeonkkot  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production
  • Environmental:
  • Human food: vegetable
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore
  • Social: religious/secular (as Nelumbo speciosum)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.w.)
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan (e.)
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Amur]
    • CHINA: China (s. & e.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland, Northern Territory (n.)]

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part (s.e.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Borsch, T. & W. Barthlott. 1996. Classification and distribution of the genus Nelumbo Adans. (Nelumbonaceae). Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 68:421-450.
  3. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  4. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  5. Duke, J. A. 1989. Handbook of Nuts CRC Press.
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  7. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 9:131-133.
  8. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Nelumbo+nucifera&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  11. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane. 1982. Edible Horticultural Crops Academic Press.
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. 1990. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11.
  13. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  14. Khan, Z. et al. 1997. Aquatic plants of Iran and Pakistan: 8. Nymphaeaceae. Biologia (Lahore) 43:11. Note: lists as "Nelumbium nuciferum"
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934-1964. Flora SSSR.
  16. Kunkel, G. 1984. Plants for human consumption
  17. Lee, Y. N. 1997. Flora of Korea.
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  20. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants. Kulturpflanze 34:110.
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  22. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University. 1998. Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. URL: http://www.wpro.who.int/internet/files/pub/97/185.pdf target='_blank'
  23. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  25. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  26. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  27. Rosengarten, F. 1984. The book of edible nuts
  28. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). URL: http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_43.html target='_blank'
  29. Womersley, J. S., ed. 1978-. Handbooks of the flora of Papua New Guinea.
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  31. 2018. Mid-Atlantic invasive plant species (on-line resource)

Check other web resources for Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Nelumbo nucifera cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=25110. Accessed 21 October 2019.