Taxon: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.

 
Genus: Nelumbo
Family: Nelumbonaceae
Nomen number: 25110
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 1:73, t. 19. fig. 2. 1788
Link to protologue:
Typification:
Name Verified on: 01-Jun-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Oct-2001
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • East Indian lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • lotusroot  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • Oriental lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • sacred lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • fève d'Egypte  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lotus indien  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lotus sacré  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • indische Lotosblume  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • indischer Lotus  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • padma  (Source: Dict Rehm) - India
  • lotus-do-Egito  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • flor-de-lotus  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lótus  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lótus-índico  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lótus-sagrado  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • loto sagrado  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • rosa del Nilo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • indisk lotus  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • lian  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • yeonkkot  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production ()
  • Environmental: ornamental ()
  • Human food: nut ()
  • Human food: vegetable ()
  • Materials: beads (as http://www.botanicalbeads.com/BBB_page_43.html,)
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Medicines: folklore ()
  • Social: religious/secular (as N. speciosum)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Iran (n.w.)
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan (e.)
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye, Amur]
    • CHINA: China (s. & e.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, Korea, Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • PAPUASIA: Papua New Guinea
    • INDO-CHINA: Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia [Queensland, Northern Territory (n.)]

    Europe
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Russian Federation-European part [European part (s.e.)]


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Borsch, T. & W. Barthlott 1996. Classification and distribution of the genus Nelumbo Adans. (Nelumbonaceae) Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 68:421-450.
  3. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  4. Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  7. Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates (Pl Res SEAs) 9:131-133.
  8. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  9. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  10. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  11. Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  12. Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  13. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  14. Khan, Z. et al. 1997. Aquatic plants of Iran and Pakistan: 8. Nymphaeaceae Biologia (Lahore) 43:11.
  15. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  16. Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  17. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  18. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  19. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  20. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:110.
  21. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  22. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. (Med Pl Korea)
  23. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  24. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  25. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  26. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  27. Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  28. Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  29. Womersley, J. S., ed. Handbooks of the flora of Papua New Guinea. (F Papua NG)
  30. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Nelumbo nucifera cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.

Images:

  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=25110. Accessed 17 June 2018.