Taxon: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.

Genus: Nelumbo
Family: Nelumbonaceae
Nomen number: 25110
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 1:73, t. 19. fig. 2. 1788
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 01-Jun-1994 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 31-Oct-2001
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 1 in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

  • East Indian lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • lotusroot  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • Oriental lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • sacred lotus  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • fève d'Egypte  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lotus indien  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • lotus sacré  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • indische Lotosblume  (Source: Zander Ency) - German
  • indischer Lotus  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • padma  (Source: Dict Rehm) - India
  • lotus-do-Egito  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • flor-de-lotus  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lótus  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lótus-índico  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • lótus-sagrado  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • loto sagrado  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • rosa del Nilo  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • indisk lotus  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish
  • lian  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese
  • yeonkkot  (Source: F Korea) - Transcribed Korean

Economic Importance:

  • Bee plants: honey production (fide F Pak)
  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard)
  • Human food: nut (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:131. 1996)
  • Human food: vegetable (fide Pl Res SEAs 9:131. 1996)
  • Materials: beads (fide Bot Beads World; as,)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Social: religious/secular (fide Dict Econ Prod India, as N. speciosum)

Distributional Range:


  • Asia-Temperate

    • Caucasus: Azerbaijan
    • China: China
    • Eastern Asia: Japan ; Korea ; Taiwan
    • Russian Far East: Russian Federation Primorye, Amur
    • Western Asia: Iran
  • Asia-Tropical

    • Indian Subcontinent: Bhutan ; India ; Nepal ; Sri Lanka
    • Indo-China: Myanmar ; Thailand ; Vietnam
    • Malesia: Indonesia ; Malaysia ; Philippines
    • Papuasia: Papua New Guinea
  • Australasia

    • Australia: Australia Northern Territory, Queensland
  • Europe

    • Eastern Europe: Russian Federation-European part European part

  • Naturalized



  • Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  • Borsch, T. & W. Barthlott 1996. Classification and distribution of the genus Nelumbo Adans. (Nelumbonaceae) Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 68:421-450.
  • Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  • Duke, J. A. Handbook of Nuts. CRC Press. 1989 (Handb Nuts)
  • Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  • Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  • Flach, M. & F. Rumawas, eds. 1996. Plants yielding non-seed carbohydrates (Pl Res SEAs) 9:131-133.
  • FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  • Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  • Hackett, C. & J. Carolane Edible Horticultural Crops. 1982 (Edible HC)
  • Hnatiuk, R. J. Census of Australian vascular plants. Australian Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. (L Aust)
  • Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  • Khan, Z. et al. 1997. Aquatic plants of Iran and Pakistan: 8. Nymphaeaceae Biologia (Lahore) 43:11.
  • Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  • Kunkel, G. Plants for human consumption. 1984 (L Edible Pl)
  • Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  • Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  • McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  • Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:110.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  • Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. (Med Pl Korea)
  • Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  • Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  • Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  • Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  • Rosengarten, F. The book of edible nuts. 1984 (Edible Nuts)
  • Smith, R. J. Botanical beads of the world (on-line resource). (Bot Beads World)
  • Womersley, J. S., ed. Handbooks of the flora of Papua New Guinea. (F Papua NG)
  • Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)


Check other web resources for Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. :

  • Flora of North America: Collaborative Floristic Effort of North American Botanists
  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • AVH: Australia's Virtual Herbarium
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ICRA: International Cultivar Registration Authority (on-line resource). for Nelumbo nucifera cultivars
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.


  • Embryo drawing: U.S. National Seed Herbarium drawing
  • Fruit: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image