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Taxon: Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn.

Genus: Nicandra
Family: Solanaceae
Subfamily: Solanoideae
Nomen number: 25243
Place of publication: Fruct. sem. pl. 2:237. 1791 "physaloides" (Scopoli, Intr. hist. nat. 182. 1777 , nom. inval.)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 04-Nov-2002 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 16 (2 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

  • apple-of-Peru  (Source: Dict Rehm) - English
  • broadleaf-nightshade  (Source: Aust Pl Common Names) - English
  • shooflyplant  (Source: Hortus 3) - English
  • apple-of-Peru   - English (Canada)
  • nicandra  (Source: Dict Rehm) - French
  • nicandre faux-coqueret   - French (Canada)
  • Giftbeere  (Source: Dict Rehm) - German
  • capulí cimarró  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • ballongblomma  (Source: Kulturvaxtdatabas) - Swedish

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:


    Southern America

    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized (natzd. elsewhere)


  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45 Note: lists as Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn.
  3. Darbyshire, S. J. 2003. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada. 219-220.
  4. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  5. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage
  6. Erhardt, W. et al. 2000. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage Note: lists as Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn.
  7. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  8. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  9. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS). Australian plant common name database (on-line resource).
  10. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: lists as Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn.
  11. Macbride, J. F. et al., eds. 1936-. Flora of Peru Note: lists as Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn.
  12. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  13. Reitz, R., ed. 1965-. Flora ilustrada catarinense. Note: lists as Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn.
  14. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala. Note: lists as Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn.
  15. Vibrans, H., ed. Malezas de México (on-line resource). URL: http://www.conabio.gob.mx/malezasdemexico/solanaceae/nicandra-physalodes/fichas/pagina1.htm target='_blank'

Check other web resources for Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. :

  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.


  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=25243. Accessed 22 November 2019.