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Taxon: Ocimum basilicum L.

 
Genus: Ocimum
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Ocimeae
Subtribe: Ociminae
Nomen number: 25478
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:597. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358618
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 29-Jun-2018
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 104 (69 active, 62 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (spice)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Other (possible origin Africa)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Bisset, N. G., ed. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis. 1994 (Herbal Drugs)
  3. Carović-Stanko, K. et al. 2011. Molecular and chemical characterization of the most widespread Ocimum species Pl. Syst. Evol. 294:253-262.
  4. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols. (HerbSpices)
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  8. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  9. Lawrence, B. M. 1992. Chemical components of Labiatae oils and their exploitation (Adv Lab Sci) 400, 406-408.
  10. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  12. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  14. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  15. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  16. Paton, A. 1992. A synopsis of Ocimum L. (Labiatae) in Africa Kew Bull. 47:423.
  17. Paton, A. & E. Putievsky 1996. Taxonomic problems and cytotaxonomic relationships between and within varieties of Ocimum basilicum and related species (Labiatae) Kew Bull. 51:513.
  18. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  19. Pignatti, S. Flora d'Italia. (F Ital)
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  21. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  22. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  23. Ryding, O. 1994. Notes on the sweet basil and its wild relatives (Lamiaceae) Econ. Bot. 48:65-67.
  24. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. Flora malesiana. (F Males)
  25. Vieira, R. F. et al. 2003. Genetic diversity of basil (Ocimum spp.) based on RAPD markers J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 128:94-99.
  26. Walker, E. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands. (F Okin)
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Ocimum basilicum L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=25478. Accessed 10 December 2018.