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Taxon: Ocimum basilicum L.

 
Genus: Ocimum
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Ocimeae
Subtribe: Ociminae
Nomen number: 25478
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:597. 1753
Link to protologue: https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/358618
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 23-Jan-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 104 (69 active, 62 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (Map)

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Food additives: flavoring (spice)
  • Materials:
  • Medicines: folklore (fide CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Cultivated (widely cult.)

    Other (possible origin Africa)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Bisset, N. G., ed. 1994. Herbal drugs and phytopharmaceuticals. A handbook for practice on a scientific basis CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. Note: translation of German edition by M. Wichtl, ed.
  3. Carović-Stanko, K. et al. 2011. Molecular and chemical characterization of the most widespread Ocimum species. Pl. Syst. Evol. 294:253-262. Note: this work comments that this is one of three taxa commonly used as source of essential oil and as a pot herb
  4. Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986-1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
  5. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
  6. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  7. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Ocimum+basilicum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  8. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  9. Lawrence, B. M. 1992. Chemical components of Labiatae oils and their exploitation. Advances in labiate science 400, 406-408.
  10. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  11. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third.
  12. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  13. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  14. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  15. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan.
  16. Paton, A. & E. Putievsky. 1996. Taxonomic problems and cytotaxonomic relationships between and within varieties of Ocimum basilicum and related species (Labiatae). Kew Bull. 51:513.
  17. Paton, A. 1992. A synopsis of Ocimum L. (Labiatae) in Africa. Kew Bull. 47:423.
  18. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  19. Pignatti, S. 1982. Flora d'Italia.
  20. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  21. Rechinger, K. H., ed. 1963-. Flora iranica.
  22. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  23. Ryding, O. 1994. Notes on the sweet basil and its wild relatives (Lamiaceae). Econ. Bot. 48:65-67.
  24. Steenis, C. G. G. J. van, ed. 1948-. Flora malesiana.
  25. Vieira, R. F. et al. 2003. Genetic diversity of basil (Ocimum spp.) based on RAPD markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 128:94-99. Note: this study examined 37 accessions representing nine species including Ocimum basilicum, and all three subsections of the genus
  26. Walker, E. 1976. Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu Islands.
  27. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Ocimum basilicum L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image
  • Seeds: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=25478. Accessed 20 November 2019.