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Taxon: Ocimum gratissimum L.

 
Genus: Ocimum
Family: Lamiaceae (alt.Labiatae)
Subfamily: Nepetoideae
Tribe: Ocimeae
Subtribe: Ociminae
Nomen number: 25483
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 2:1197. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 08-Jun-1995 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 09-Jun-1995
Species priority site is: North Central Regional PI Station (NC7)
Accessions: 12 (5 active, 3 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Materials: essential oils; essential oils
  • Medicines: folklore

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • NORTHEAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
    • EAST TROPICAL AFRICA: Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda
    • WEST-CENTRAL TROPICAL AFRICA: Burundi, Cameroon, Gabon, Rwanda, Zaire
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Togo
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, [Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles [Aldabra]

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Yemen

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, [Java, Sumatra] Malaysia


    Cultivated



    Asia-Temperate
    • CHINA: China (s.)
    • EASTERN ASIA: Taiwan


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Cape Verde
    • WEST TROPICAL AFRICA: Benin, Guinea-Bissau

    Northern America
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Veracruz]

    Pacific
    • SOUTHWESTERN PACIFIC: New Caledonia

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Barbados, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Panama
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Bahia]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia


References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  3. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  4. Girija, T. & Tabish Flowers of India (on-line resource). (Flow India)
  5. Govaerts, R. World checklist of selected plant families (on-line resource). (World Checkl Sel Fam)
  6. Hara, H. et al. An enumeration of the flowering plants of Nepal. (L Nepal)
  7. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  8. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  9. Lawrence, B. M. 1992. Chemical components of Labiatae oils and their exploitation (Adv Lab Sci) 400.
  10. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  11. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  12. Oyen, L. P. A. & Nguyen Xuan Dung, eds. 1999. Essential-oil plants (Pl Res SEAs) 19:140-142.
  13. Paton, A. 1992. A synopsis of Ocimum L. (Labiatae) in Africa Kew Bull. 47:511.
  14. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  15. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  16. Vieira, R. F. et al. 2001. Genetic diversity of Ocimum gratissimum L. based on volatile oil constituents, flavonoids and RAPD markers Biochem. Syst. & Ecol. 29:287-304.
  17. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Ocimum gratissimum L. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • SIBIS: South African National Biodiversity Institute's (SANBI) Integrated Biodiversity System
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=25483. Accessed 19 October 2018.