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Taxon: Panax ginseng C. A. Mey.

 
Genus: Panax
Subgenus: Panax
Section: Panax
Family: Araliaceae
Subfamily: Aralioideae
Nomen number: 26379
Place of publication: Rep. Pharm. Prakt. Chem. Russ. 7:524. 1842 (Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 1:340. 1843)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 7 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use) and synonyms:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Food additives:
  • Materials: lipids (used in various cosmetics)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Econ Bot 30:11-28. 1976; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang Sheng (e.), Jilin Sheng (e.), Liaoning Sheng (e.)]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea, North


    Cultivated (also cult. in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson. 2012. Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource) URL: www.skud.info
  2. Baranov, A. I. 1982. The lectotypification of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer (Araliaceae). Taxon 31:722-725.
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences. 1959-. Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae.
  4. CITES. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource).
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. 2002. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs
  6. Encke, F. et al. 1984. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage Note: = Panax pseudoginseng Wall.
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. 2008. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Panax+ginseng&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  9. Hara, H. 1970. On the Asiatic species of the genus Panax. J. Jap. Bot. 45:207.
  10. Hu, S. Y. 1976. The genus Panax (ginseng) in Chinese medicine. Econ. Bot. 30:14.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening
  12. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster. 1996. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium. 1976. Hortus third. Note: = Panax pseudoginseng Wall.
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker. 2000. Herbs of commerce, ed. 2 American Herbal Products Association, Silver Spring, Maryland.
  16. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University. 1998. Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. URL: http://www.wpro.who.int/internet/files/pub/97/193.pdf target='_blank'
  17. Personal Care Products Council. INCI
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  19. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  20. Wen, J. 2001. Species diversity, nomenclature, phylogeny, biogeography, and classification of the ginseng genus (Panax L., Araliaceae). Utilization of biotechnological, genetic and cultural approaches for North American and Asian ginseng improvement. Proceedings of the International Ginseng Workshop 69.
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).

Check other web resources for Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2019. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=26379. Accessed 18 November 2019.