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Taxon: Panax ginseng C. A. Mey.

 
Genus: Panax
Subgenus: Panax
Section: Panax
Family: Araliaceae
Subfamily: Aralioideae
Nomen number: 26379
Place of publication: Rep. Pharm. Prakt. Chem. Russ. 7:524. 1842 (Bull. Cl. Phys.-Math. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 1:340. 1843)
Link to protologue:
Name Verified on: 15-Nov-2007 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 13-Mar-2017
Species priority site is:
Accessions: 7 (1 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • CITES Appendix II:
  • Food additives:
  • Materials: lipids (used in various cosmetics)
  • Medicines: folklore (fide Econ Bot 30:11-28. 1976; CRC MedHerbs ed2; Herbs Commerce ed2)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Asia-Temperate
    • RUSSIAN FAR EAST: Russian Federation [Primorye]
    • CHINA: China [Heilongjiang (e.), Jilin (e.), Liaoning (e.)]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Korea, North


    Cultivated (also cult. in temperate regions)

References:

  1. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  2. Baranov, A. I. 1982. The lectotypification of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer (Araliaceae) (Taxon) 31:722-725.
  3. Chinese Academy of Sciences Flora reipublicae popularis sinicae. (F China)
  4. CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) Appendices I, II and III (on-line resource). (CITES Appendices)
  5. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  6. Encke, F. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 13. Auflage. 1984 (Zander ed13)
  7. Erhardt, W. et al. Der große Zander: Enzyklopädie der Pflanzennamen. 2008 (Zander Ency)
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  9. Hara, H. 1970. On the Asiatic species of the genus Panax J. Jap. Bot. 45:207.
  10. Hu, S. Y. 1976. The genus Panax (ginseng) in Chinese medicine Econ. Bot. 30:14.
  11. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  12. Leung, A. Y. & S. Foster Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients used in food, drugs, and cosmetics, ed. 2. 1996 (Ency CNatIn)
  13. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  14. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  15. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  16. Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University Medicinal plants in the Republic of Korea. WHO Regional Publications Western Pacific Series No. 21. (Med Pl Korea)
  17. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  18. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  19. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  20. Wen, J. 2001. Species diversity, nomenclature, phylogeny, biogeography, and classification of the ginseng genus (Panax L., Araliaceae) (Proc Int Ginseng Wp) 69.
  21. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. :

  • Flora of China: Online version from Harvard University
  • TROPICOS: Nomenclatural and Specimen Database of the Missouri Botanical Garden
  • Mansfeld: Mansfeld's World Databas of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops
  • ePIC: Electronic Plant Information Centre of Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • AGRICOLA: Article Citation Database or NAL Catalog of USDA's National Agricultural Library
  • Entrez: NCBI's search engine for PubMed citations, GenBank sequences, etc.
  • PubAg: USDA's National Agricultural Library database of full-text journal articles and citations on the agricultural sciences.

Images:

  • Fruits: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=26379. Accessed 14 November 2018.