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Taxon: Papaver rhoeas L.

 
Genus: Papaver
Section: Rhoeadium
Family: Papaveraceae
Subfamily: Papaveroideae
Tribe: Papavereae
Nomen number: 26703
Place of publication: Sp. pl. 1:507. 1753
Link to protologue:
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 14-Nov-2001
Species priority site is: Western Regional PI Station (W6)
Accessions: 21 (14 active, 8 available) in National Plant Germplasm System (GoogleMap)

Common names:

Economic Importance:

  • Environmental: ornamental (fide Dict Gard; F USSR)
  • Food additives:
  • Medicines:
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria (n.), Egypt, Libya (n.), Morocco, Tunisia

    Asia-Temperate
    • WESTERN ASIA: Afghanistan, Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Russian Federation, [Dagestan] Russian Federation-Ciscaucasia [Ciscaucasia]

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Pakistan

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: Denmark, Ireland, Norway (s.e.), Sweden (s.), United Kingdom
    • MIDDLE EUROPE: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Switzerland
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Belarus, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation-European part, [European part (w.)] Ukraine (incl. Krym)
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)


    Cultivated (also cult.)

    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal [Azores]

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Northern America
    • Mexico, North America, United States

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Hispaniola
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Chile


References:

  1. Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & M. T. Strong Flora of the West Indies (on-line resource). (F WIndies Online)
  2. Aldén, B., S. Ryman, & M. Hjertson Svensk Kulturväxtdatabas, SKUD (Swedish Cultivated and Utility Plants Database; online resource on www.skud.info). 2012 (Kulturvaxtdatabas)
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  4. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  5. Cooper, M. R. & A. W. Johnson Poisonous plants and fungi in Britain: animal and human poisoning. 1998 (Cooper & Johnson ed2)
  6. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  7. Duke, J. A. et al. CRC Handbook of medicinal herbs. 2002 (CRC MedHerbs ed2)
  8. Erhardt, W. et al. Zander: Handwörterbuch der Pflanzennamen, 16. Auflage. 2000 (Zander ed16)
  9. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  10. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  11. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  12. Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. (Glea Cron)
  13. Greuter, W. et al., eds. International code of botanical nomenclature (Saint Louis Code). 2000 (ICBN St Louis) Art. 23.2, Ex. 1.
  14. Grey-Wilson, C. Poppies: The poppy family in the wild and in cultivation. 1993 (Poppies) 164.
  15. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  16. Howell, C. J. & J. W. D. Sawyer New Zealand naturalised vascular plant checklist. 2006 (NZeal Nat Vasc Pl)
  17. Huxley, A., ed. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening. 1992 (Dict Gard)
  18. Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS) Australian plant common name database (on-line resource). (Aust Pl Common Names)
  19. Izquierdo Z., I. et al., eds. Lista de especies silvestres de Canarias: hongos, plantas y animales terrestres. 2004 (L Canarias)
  20. Jalas, J. & J. Suominen Atlas florae europaeae. (Atlas Eur)
  21. Jonsell, B., ed. Flora nordica. (F Nordica)
  22. Kadereit, J. W. 1988. A revision of Papaver L. section Rhoeadium Spach Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45:273.
  23. Kartesz, J. T. A synonymized checklist of the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. (L US Can ed2)
  24. Kingsbury, J. M. Poisonous plants of the United States and Canada. (Kingsbury)
  25. Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. Flora SSSR. (F USSR)
  26. Lee, Y. N. Flora of Korea. (F Korea)
  27. Liberty Hyde Bailey Hortorium Hortus third. (Hortus 3)
  28. McGuffin, M., J. T. Kartesz, A. Y. Leung, & A. O. Tucker Herbs of commerce, ed. 2. 2000 (Herbs Commerce ed2)
  29. Mouterde, P. Nouvelle flore du Liban et de la Syrie. (F Liban)
  30. Mun-Chan, B. et al. 1986. A checklist of the Korean cultivated plants (Kulturpflanze) 34:113.
  31. Munro, D. B. Canadian poisonous plants information system (on-line resource). (Can Poison Pl)
  32. Ohwi, J. Flora of Japan (Engl. ed.). (F JapanOhwi)
  33. Padua, L. S. de et al., eds. 1999. Medicinal and poisonous plants 1 (Pl Res SEAs) 12(1):378.
  34. Personal Care Products Council International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI)
  35. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  36. Randall, R. P. The introduced flora of Australia and its weed status. (Weed CRCAustralia)
  37. Rechinger, K. H., ed. Flora iranica. (F Iran)
  38. Silva, L. et al. Listagem da fauna e flora terrestres dos Açores. Lista des plantas vasculares (Pteridophyta e Spermatophyta). (L Azores)
  39. Stace, C. New flora of the British Isles. (F BritStace)
  40. Townsend, C. C. & E. Guest Flora of Iraq. (F Iraq)
  41. Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. Flora europaea, ed. 2. (F Eur ed2)
  42. Ugarte, E. et al. 2011. Vascular alien flora, Chile (Check List) 7:365-382.
  43. Uphof, J. C. T. Dictionary of economic plants, ed. 2. (Dict Econ Pl)
  44. Villaseñor, J. L. & F. J. Espinoza-Garcia 2004. The alien flowering plants of Mexico Diversity & Distrib. 10:113-123.
  45. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)

Check other web resources for Papaver rhoeas L. :

Images:

  • Seed: U.S. National Seed Herbarium image

Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=26703. Accessed 17 October 2018.