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Taxon: Paspalum distichum L.

 
Genus: Paspalum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paspaleae
Subtribe: Paspalinae
Nomen number: 26845
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:855. 1759
Link to protologue:
Comment: controversy over typification resolved in Taxon 32:281. 1983
Typification: View in Linnean Typification Project
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists.
Accessions: 26 (14 active, 5 available) in National Plant Germplasm System

Autonyms (not in current use), synonyms and invalid designations:

(≡ homotypic synonym, = heterotypic synonym, - autonym, I invalid designation)

Common names:

  • couch paspalum  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • eternity grass  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • ginger grass  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • joint grass  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • knotgrass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Mercer grass  (Source: F NZeal) - English
  • seaside millet  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Thompson grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • water couch  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • water-finger grass  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • moddeid  (Source: F Egypt) - Arabic
  • kishū-suzume-no-hie  (Source: Grass Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • grama-de-Joanópolis  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • capim-arame  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-braba  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-da-praia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-doce  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-rasteira-da-praia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama colorada  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • gramilla blanca  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • shuang sui que bai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Animal food: fodder; forage
  • Environmental: erosion control; erosion control
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (mostly of rice fide WorldWeeds 568. 1997)
  • Vertebrate poisons:
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant; potential seed contaminant

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New Jersey]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Kansas (s.), Missouri, Oklahoma]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho (w.), Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky (w.), Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Durango, Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, Sonora, Zacatecas, Baja California (Norte), Baja California Sur]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacán de Ocampo, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Querétaro, Tabasco, Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave, Ciudad de México]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines, [Saint Vincent] United States [Puerto Rico]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Bahia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Pará, Paraná, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Sergipe]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canarias]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Eswatini, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa [KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Eastern Cape, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Gauteng, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North-West]
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui Sheng, Zhejiang Sheng, Fujian Sheng, Henan Sheng, Hunan Sheng, Hubei Sheng, Jiangsu Sheng, Shandong Sheng, Sichuan Sheng, Yunnan Sheng, Guangxi Zhuangzu Zizhiqu, Hainan Sheng]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, [Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi] Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: India, [Andaman and Nicobar Islands] Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia


    Other (exact native range obscure, probable origin neotropics)

References:

  1. Adams, C. 1972. Flowering plants of Jamaica
  2. Allan, H. H. B. et al. 1961-. Flora of New Zealand.
  3. Botanical Society of the British Isles. BSBI taxon database (on-line resource).
  4. Boulos, L. 1999-. Flora of Egypt
  5. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. 1993. Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45
  6. Brummitt, R. K. 1983. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 25. Taxon 32:281. Note: proposal to reject Paspalum distichum L. not recommended, lectotypification also fixed
  7. Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II. Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  8. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland. Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) Note: four books on weeds worldwide in scope
  9. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. 1980-. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon.
  10. Davidse, G. et al., eds. 1994. Flora mesoamericana.
  11. Davis, P. H., ed. 1965-1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. Note: rejects as nom. confus., accepting P. paspalodes (Michx.) Scribn.
  12. Euro+Med Editorial Committee. Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource).
  13. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. 1960-. Flora zambesiaca.
  14. FNA Editorial Committee. 1993-. Flora of North America.
  15. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). URL: http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/cropListDetails?code=&relation=beginsWith&name=Paspalum+distichum&quantity=1 target='_blank'
  16. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource).
  17. George, A. S., ed. 1980-. Flora of Australia.
  18. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14
  19. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. 1990. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58
  20. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. Note: re. Brazilian common names
  21. Herrera-Arrieta, Y. 2001. Las Gramíneus de Durango
  22. Holm, L. et al. 1979. A geographical atlas of world weeds
  23. Holm, L. et al. 1997. World weeds: natural histories and distribution John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York. 568.
  24. Howard, R. 1974-1989. Flora of the lesser Antilles.
  25. Hubbard, C. E. & R. E. Vaughan. 1940. The grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez.
  26. Koning, R. de & M. S. M. Sosef. 1985. The Malesian species of Paspalum L. (Gramineae). Blumea 30:295-297.
  27. Koyama, T. 1987. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions
  28. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince. 1993. CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia
  29. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier). 1946-1969. Flora de Cuba
  30. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell. 2000. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2.
  31. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. 1998. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2
  32. McVaugh, R. 1983-. Flora Novo-Galiciana.
  33. Migahid, A. M. 1988-1990. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3.
  34. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. 1970-. Flora of [West] Pakistan. Note: rejects as nom. confus., accepting P. paspalodes (Michx.) Scribn.
  35. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource).
  36. Rehm, S. 1994. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants
  37. Renvoize, S. A. & W. D. Clayton. 1980. (528) Proposal to reject the name Paspalum distichum L. Syst. Nat. ed. 10,2:855 (1759). Taxon 29:339-340.
  38. Sell, P. & G. Murrell. 1996-. Flora of Great Britain and Ireland.
  39. Sreekumar, P. V. & V. J. Nair. 1991. Flora of Kerala - grasses.
  40. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark. 1946-1976. Flora of Guatemala.
  41. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. 2001. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3).
  42. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages. Plant Resources of South-East Asia (PROSEA) 4:180.
  43. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú. Ruizia 13:360-361.
  44. Virginia Botanical Associates. Digital atlas of the Virginia flora (on-line resource).
  45. Weber, E. 2003. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds
  46. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. 1994-. Flora of China (English edition).
  47. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 1994. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47
  48. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:463.
  49. 1961. Webster's third new international dictionary.

Check other web resources for Paspalum distichum L. :

Images:


Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2020. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=26845. Accessed 25 February 2020.