Taxon: Paspalum distichum L.

 
Genus: Paspalum
Family: Poaceae (alt.Gramineae)
Subfamily: Panicoideae
Tribe: Paspaleae
Subtribe: Paspalinae
Nomen number: 26845
Place of publication: Syst. nat. ed. 10, 2:855. 1759
Link to protologue:
Comment: controversy over typification resolved in Taxon 32:281. 1983
Typification:
Name Verified on: 11-May-1992 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Last Changed: 06-Dec-2007
Species priority site is: Plant Genetic Resources Conservation Unit, Griffin, GA (S9)
Accessions: 14 in National Plant Germplasm System

Synonyms:

Common names:

  • couch paspalum  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • eternity grass  (Source: Food Feed Crops US) - English
  • ginger grass  (Source: Pl Res SEAs) - English
  • joint grass  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • knotgrass  (Source: World Econ Pl) - English
  • Mercer grass  (Source: F NZeal) - English
  • seaside millet  (Source: Websters Dict) - English
  • Thompson grass  (Source: F NAmer) - English
  • water couch  (Source: Weed CIBA) - English
  • water-finger grass  (Source: BSBI) - English
  • moddeid  (Source: F Egypt) - Arabic
  • kishū-suzume-no-hie  (Source: Grass Japan) - Japanese Rōmaji
  • grama-de-Joanópolis  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Portuguese
  • capim-arame  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-braba  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-da-praia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-doce  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama-rasteira-da-praia  (Source: pers. comm.) - Portuguese (Brazil)
  • grama colorada  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • gramilla blanca  (Source: Dict Rehm) - Spanish
  • shuang sui que bai  (Source: F ChinaEng) - Transcribed Chinese

Economic Importance:

  • Harmful organism host: crop diseases (mostly of rice fide WorldWeeds 568. 1997)
  • Harmful organism host: crop pests (mostly of rice fide WorldWeeds 568. 1997)
  • Environmental: erosion control (fide Grass SAfr; Pl Res SEAs 4:180. 1992; Invasive Pl Spec)
  • Animal food: fodder ()
  • Animal food: forage ()
  • Vertebrate poisons: mammals ()
  • Weed: potential seed contaminant (fide Atlas WWeed; Invasive Pl Spec)

Distributional Range:

    Native

    Northern America
    • NORTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [New Jersey]
    • NORTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [Kansas (s.), Missouri, Oklahoma]
    • NORTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Idaho (w.), Oregon, Washington]
    • SOUTHEASTERN U.S.A.: United States [Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky (w.), Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia]
    • SOUTH-CENTRAL U.S.A.: United States [New Mexico, Texas]
    • SOUTHWESTERN U.S.A.: United States [Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah]
    • NORTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Baja Norte, Baja Sur, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Durango, Nuevo Leon, San Luis Potosi, Sonora, Zacatecas]
    • SOUTHERN MEXICO: Mexico [Aguascalientes, Chiapas, Federal District, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Tabasco, Veracruz]

    Southern America
    • CARIBBEAN: Cuba, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto Rico, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and Grenadines [St. Vincent]
    • CENTRAL AMERICA: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
    • NORTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
    • BRAZIL: Brazil [Bahia, Mato Grosso do Sul, Minas Gerais, Para, Parana, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Sao Paulo, Sergipe]
    • WESTERN SOUTH AMERICA: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
    • SOUTHERN SOUTH AMERICA: Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay


    Naturalized

    Africa
    • MACARONESIA: Portugal, [Azores, Madeira Islands] Spain [Canary Islands]
    • NORTHERN AFRICA: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia
    • SOUTH TROPICAL AFRICA: Zimbabwe
    • SOUTHERN AFRICA: Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, [Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape] Swaziland
    • WESTERN INDIAN OCEAN: Mauritius

    Asia-Temperate
    • ARABIAN PENINSULA: Saudi Arabia
    • WESTERN ASIA: Cyprus, Egypt, [Sinai] Iran, Iraq, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey
    • CAUCASUS: Azerbaijan
    • CHINA: China [Anhui, Fujian, Guangxi, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang]
    • EASTERN ASIA: Japan, [Kyushu, Ryukyu Islands, Shikoku] Taiwan

    Asia-Tropical
    • INDIAN SUBCONTINENT: Bangladesh, India, [Assam, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi] Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
    • INDO-CHINA: India, [Andaman and Nicobar] Laos, Thailand, Vietnam
    • MALESIA: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines

    Australasia
    • AUSTRALIA: Australia
    • NEW ZEALAND: New Zealand

    Europe
    • NORTHERN EUROPE: United Kingdom
    • EASTERN EUROPE: Ukraine [Krym]
    • SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (incl. Crete), Italy (incl. Sardinia, Sicily), Slovenia
    • SOUTHWESTERN EUROPE: France (incl. Corsica), Portugal, Spain (incl. Baleares)

    Pacific
    • NORTHWESTERN PACIFIC: Micronesia


    Other (exact native range obscure, probable origin neotropics)

References:

  1. Webster's third new international dictionary. (Websters Dict)
  2. Adams, C. Flowering plants of Jamaica. 1972 (F Jam)
  3. Allan, H. H. B. et al. Flora of New Zealand. (F NZeal)
  4. Botanical Society of the British Isles BSBI taxon database (on-line resource). (BSBI)
  5. Boulos, L. Flora of Egypt. 1999- (F Egypt)
  6. Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi Catalogue of the flowering plants and gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45. 1993 (L Peru)
  7. Brummitt, R. K. 1983. Report of the Committee for Spermatophyta: 25 (Taxon) 32:281.
  8. Catasús Guerra, L. J. 2002. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) de Cuba, II Cavanillesia Altera 3:1-163.
  9. CIBA-GEIGY, Basel, Switzerland Documenta CIBA-GEIGY (Grass weeds 1. 1980, 2. 1981; Monocot weeds 3. 1982; Dicot weeds 1. 1988) (Weed CIBA)
  10. Dassanayake, M. D. & F. R. Fosberg, eds. A revised handbook to the flora of Ceylon. (F Ceylon)
  11. Davidse, G. et al., eds. Flora mesoamericana. (F Mesoamer)
  12. Davis, P. H., ed. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands. (F Turk)
  13. Euro+Med Editorial Committee Euro+Med Plantbase: the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity (on-line resource). (EuroMed Plantbase)
  14. Exell, A. W. et al., eds. Flora zambesiaca. (F Zamb)
  15. FNA Editorial Committee Flora of North America. (F NAmer)
  16. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2010. Ecocrop (on-line resource). (Ecocrop)
  17. Forzza, R. C. et al., coord. Lista de espécies da flora do Brasil (on-line resource). (L Brasil Online)
  18. George, A. S., ed. Flora of Australia. (F Aust)
  19. Germishuizen, G. & N. L. Meyer, eds. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14. 2003 (Pl SAfr ed2)
  20. Gibbs-Russell, G. E. et al. Grasses of southern Africa. Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa vol. 58. 1990 (Grass SAfr)
  21. Groth, D. 2005. pers. comm. (pers. comm.)
  22. Herrera-Arrieta, Y. Las Gramíneus de Durango. 2001 (Grass Durango)
  23. Holm, L. et al. A geographical atlas of world weeds. 1979 (Atlas WWeed)
  24. Holm, L. et al. World weeds: natural histories and distribution. 1997 (WorldWeeds) 568.
  25. Howard, R. Flora of the lesser Antilles. (F LAnt)
  26. Hubbard, C. E. & R. E. Vaughan The grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez. (Grass Mauritius)
  27. Koning, R. de & M. S. M. Sosef 1985. The Malesian species of Paspalum L. (Gramineae) (Blumea) 30:295-297.
  28. Koyama, T. Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions. 1987 (Grass Japan)
  29. Lazarides, M. & B. Hince CSIRO Handbook of Economic Plants of Australia. 1993 (Econ Pl Aust)
  30. León (J. S. Sauget) & Alain (E. E. Liogier) Flora de Cuba. 1946-1962; suppl. (F CubaLeon)
  31. Liogier, H. A. & L. F. Martorell Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, ed. 2. (F PR ed2)
  32. Markle, G. M. et al., eds. Food and feed crops of the United States, ed. 2. 1998 (Food Feed Crops US)
  33. McVaugh, R. Flora Novo-Galiciana. (F NGalicia)
  34. Migahid, A. M. Flora of Saudi Arabia, ed. 3. (F Saudi ed3)
  35. Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali, eds. Flora of [West] Pakistan. (F Pak)
  36. Porcher, M. H. et al. Searchable World Wide Web Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (MMPND) (on-line resource). (Pl Names)
  37. Rehm, S. Multilingual dictionary of agronomic plants. 1994 (Dict Rehm)
  38. Renvoize, S. A. & W. D. Clayton 1980. (528) Proposal to reject the name Paspalum distichum L. Syst. Nat. ed. 10,2:855 (1759) (Taxon) 29:339-340.
  39. Sell, P. & G. Murrell Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. (F GB Ire)
  40. Sreekumar, P. V. & V. J. Nair Flora of Kerala - grasses. (Grass Kerala)
  41. Standley, P. C. & J. A. Steyermark Flora of Guatemala. (F Guat)
  42. Stevens, W. D. et al., eds. Flora de Nicaragua. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 85(1-3). (F Nicaragua)
  43. 't Mannetje, L. & R. M. Jones, eds. 1992. Forages (Pl Res SEAs) 4:180.
  44. Tovar, Ó. 1993. Las gramíneas (Poaceae) del Perú (Ruizia) 13:360-361.
  45. Virginia Botanical Associates Digital atlas of the Virginia flora (on-line resource). (Atlas Virginia)
  46. Weber, E. Invasive plant species of the world: a reference guide to environmental weeds. 2003 (Invasive Pl Spec)
  47. Wu Zheng-yi & P. H. Raven et al., eds. Flora of China (English edition). (F ChinaEng)
  48. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en la República Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 47. 1994 (L Grass Argent)
  49. Zuloaga, F. O. et al. 2003. Catalogue of New World grasses (Poaceae): III. Subfamilies Panicoideae, Aristidoideae, Arundinoideae, and Danthonioideae Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 46:463.

Check other web resources for Paspalum distichum L. :

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Cite as: USDA, Agricultural Research Service, National Plant Germplasm System. 2018. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN-Taxonomy).
National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. URL: https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=26845. Accessed 21 May 2018.